Excerpted from COMMUNIST REVOLUTION in the STREETS by Gary Allen
He is a winner of a Nobel "peace" prize, but he is continually at war with the white man. He presents himself as a Christian minister, but J. Edgar Hoover has called him the "most notorious liar in the country." Many are wondering what is behind the man whom some people call...
THERE IS NOliving American today who has been praised as uncritically, by the highest officials in the federal government, radio and television commentators and leading daily newspapers as the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King. King has been named Man Of the Year by national magazines and has been the recipient of a Nobel Peace Prize. His image as a noble crusader for "freedom" and "justice" through nonviolence makes him almost immune to criticism.
Any factual information on Reverend King that would tend to muddy his shining image is simply ignored by most of the major vehicles of the mass media. The inference is that any criticism of King must be of a racist nature. But the legitimate criticisms of King have nothing to do with the Negro race which suffers the consequences of King’s actions. The American public is starting to look at the other side of the King’s coin, looking to see whether the coin may be minted in Moscow.
Gil Green, at one time a top Communist functionary in the United States, explained the strategy for subverting the Negro in the South this way:
in the South, especially for the Negro youth, the church is the center of cultural and social activities.It is here that we must work. By building our units in the church organizations, we can also improve our work under the illegal conditions, as it will be easier to work in the church organizations. . . these can become legal covers for our work in the South. (Manning Johnson, Color, Communism and Common Sense, American Opinion, 1963, p. 17.)
In order to understand King’s role in the revolutionary scheme of things it is necessary to investigate the beliefs and backgrounds of some of the individuals and organizations who have supported King while promoting him to the position of Number-One-Civil-Rights-Leader-in-America.
The first organization—and perhaps the one that has been, more than any other, responsible for elevating King to his current Olympian heights—is the Southern Conference Education Fund (SCEF). Yet most Americans have never heard of the SCEF. This organization is an outgrowth of an earlier one, the Southern Conference for Human Welfare. In 1944, a congressional committee characterized the Southern Conference for Human Welfare in these terms:
Careful examination of its official publication and its activities will disclose that the Conference is being used to further Soviet policy. Key posts are in most instances controlled by persons whose record is faithful to the line of the Communist Party. (Special Committee on Un-American Activities, Hearings on ClO Political Action Committee, March 29, 1944, p. 147.)
Cited again in similar terms in 1947, the Southern Conference For Human Welfare did a quick-change act and reappeared in 1948 as the Southern Conference Educational Fund. Surprise. The organization maintained the same headquarters, the same address, the same telephone number, the same publication, the same executive director, and virtually the same slate of officers! (Activities of the SCEF,, Inc., LA, part 1, Joint Legislative Committee on Un-American Activities, State of Louisiana, 1968, p. 2.)
The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee in 1954 described SCEF as "one of the Communist transmission belts" for the South—an organization through which the Communists send forth the Party line. (SCEF Hearings, Committee on the Judiciary, U.S. Senate, 1954, p. v.) Since SCEF’s leaders have been described as being "faithful to the line of the Communist Party," it is important that people know who they are and what connection they have with the civil rights movement.
IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST James Dombrowski is Executive Director, SCEF, named by government agency as Communist front. Dombrowski and SCEF have worked closely with King and helped to finance him
The Executive Director of SCEF is Dr. James Dombrowski, a man who has approximately sixty citations from government investigating bodies of affiliation with various Communist fronts or Communist projects. Paul Crouch, who defected from Communism after serving for many years as the top U.S. Communist in the South, and who taught Revolution and subversion for the Communists in Moscow, testified before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee as follows: "Dr. Dombrowski told me on several occasions that he preferred to be called a Left Socialist rather than a Communist; that he could serve the revolutionary movement better under the Socialist label than the Communist label." (SCEF, p. 49.) Asked if that was a customary practice among top-flight Soviet operators, Crouch answered, "Yes sir."
Working with Dombrowski in SCEF is its Field Secretary, Carl Braden. In 1954 Braden was convicted and sentenced to fifteen years in prison for bombing the home of a Negro who had just moved into a white neighborhood and for attempting to place the blame on the Caucasian neighbors. Braden was released from jail when the Warren court declared all state sedition laws void.
IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Carl Braden is CP organizer in the South. Braden was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment for bombing home of Negro and attempting to place blame on whites. This is frequent Communist-style tactic.
During Carl Braden’s trial for sedition, he and his wife Anne were identified as Communist agents by Alberta Ahearn, an undercover FBI agent who was surfaced from the Communist Party to testify in court against the Bradens. Alberta Ahearn later told a Senate Committee that Carl Braden was a southern district organizer for the Communist Party. (Ibid., p. 84—85.)
Carl Braden was a national sponsor of the notorious Fair Play For Cuba Committee which spawned the assassinator of President John F. Kennedy, Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald.
The President of SCEF is the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, an ex-convict who according to federal government files has been involved in seven Communist-front activities since 1960. The interlocking structure which pervades the entire civil rights movement is demonstrated here by the fact that Shuttlesworth serves as a link between the Communist SCEF and Martin Luther King’s organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Shuttlesworth is Vice President of King’s organization.
REVEREND FRED SHUTTLESWORTH, an ex-convict arrested for bootlegging is President of SCEF, serves as link between Communist front and King’s SCLC by virtue of fact Shuttlesworth is also Vice President of SCLC
The Reverend Shuttlesworth replaced Aubrey Williams as President of SCEF. Williams until his recent death was also Chairman of the National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee, (sic), a Communist front of which Martin Luther King is a leading member. The Chairman of this Committee is Frank Wilkinson, who has been identified, in sworn testimony by an undercover FBI agent, as a member of the Communist Party.
Williams was Lyndon Johnson’s boss in the National Youth Administration in the nineteen-thirties. In 1945 the United States Senate rejected Williams’ appointment as administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration after his affiliations with the Communist apparatus had been placed in the record. In April of 1954, at hearings held in New Orleans by the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, Aubrey Williams was identified as a Communist Party member by one witness who had been in the Party and was identified by another witness at the time as one who accepted Communist Party discipline. (Activities, Part I, pp. 13, 14.) Despite this, President Johnson visited Williams in his home just after the assassination of President Kennedy!
OCT 1 1954
IDENTIFIED COMMUNIST Anne Braden is, like husband Carl, a Communist organizer for the South. Carl Braden was released from prison when Warren Supreme Court declared all state sedition laws void.
When the New Orleans Police raided the Communist SCEF headquarters in 1961, they seized a large amount of photostats of correspondence, cancelled checks, and other documentation showing that King had been working very closely with the Communist SCEF. A letter from King to Communist Anne Braden dated October 7, 1959, urges Anne and her husband Carl, the Communist Party organizer in the South, to become permanently associated with his organization. Another letter dated September 28, 1960, from Carl Braden to fellow Communist, James Dombrowski, states that King is anxious for leadership and staff meetings between SCLC and SCEF so they can work together more effectively.(Activities, Part II, p. 81.) Another communique between these two Communists indicates that Braden was running the press releases for King’s organization. (Ibid.)
The New Orleans Police also discovered in the files of the Communist SCEF a photograph of King speaking at an SCLC meeting. Three persons in the background of the photo are the three Communists who run SCEF, Carl and Anne Braden and James Dombrowski. Among other evidence linking King with this Communist organization is a cancelled check made out to Dr. Martin Luther King, dated March 7, 1963.
Some of the folks want me to come over to Albany, Ga., and see is we can start something there as we have done hare— contact between the white (censored) and Negro ministers. The group in Eufaula is working on opening the library step by step and is getting better acquainted with each other. They are laying plans for other projects, once they get the library opened--or even while they are (censored) working on it.
Yesterday I saw Martin King, Wyatt Walker, and Jim Wood in Atlanta. They hope that everybody from SCEF can attend their annual meeting in Shreveport from Oct. 11 to l3. I thought perhaps you might be able to go, as I don’t see how I can make it. I gave them some pointers on how to (censored) construct their news releases so that they will be used. They can't understand why our releases are used and theirs are not - They are all very anxious to have the meeting of SCEF and SCLC leadership and staff so that we can all work together more effectively. People at the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee are also most anxious to work with us and to seek our help in working out a program, Jane
Stembridge is looking forward to a session with Anne during the SNOC meeting Oct. 14 to 16.
That summarizes work to date. Must be off to Albany and Tallahassee Francis end Betty Walter join in warmest best wishes to you and the staff.
BRADEN LETTER of September 28, 1960 to fellow Communist James Dombrowski reveals that Martin Luther King wants to work closely with the Communists of SCEF. The letter was picked up by the New Orleans Police in a raid on SCEF headquarters.
Highlander Folk School
The second organization that helped propel Martin Luther King into his reign as recent monarch of the civil rights movement was the Highlander Folk School of Monteagle, Tennessee. Highlander had its charter revoked by a Tennessee court after State Police raided the school and made arrests for illegal possession of liquor, public drunkenness and disorderly conduct. The school was reopened as the Highlander Center in Knoxville, with Martin Luther King as a sponsor. The Highlander School is closely connected with the Communist SCEF and has served as a training school for the Communists in the fields of civil rights and labor agitation for over thirty years.
The Highlander Folk School was founded in 1932 by Myles Horton and Don West, who were joined later that year by James Dombrowski upon the latter’s return from Russia. Paul Crouch, for over twenty years the top Communist official in the southern United States, testified before a United States Senate Committee, "the Highlander Folk School is operated ostensibly as an independent labor school, but actually is working in close cooperation with the Communist Party." (SCEF, p. 47.)
MEMBER OF YOUNG COMMUNIST LEAGUE, Myles Horton, founder of Communist training operation known as Highlander Folk School and located in Tennessee.
Before founding the Highlander Folk School, Myles Horton—a member of the Young Communist League—was operating Commonwealth College in Mena, Arkansas. Commonwealth College was controlled by the Peoples Institute of Applied Religion, which had been organized by the Communist Party. (William Nolan,Communism Versus The Negro, Chicago, Henry Regnery Co., 1951, pp. 129—131.)
The purpose of Commonwealth College was to prepare people to infiltrate and influence the churches in the strongly religious South, indoctrinating them with Marxism expressed in religious jargon. Commonwealth College was dosed by the state of Arkansas because it showed a lack of discretion. Among other odd practices, it flew the hammer and sickle flag of Russia.
The best known meeting ever to take place at the Highlander Folk School occurred over the Labor Day weekend in 1957. Assembled for a three-day training session in civil disobedience were the key civil rights leaders in the South, including representatives of the Communist Party and many individuals with long records of service to the Communist cause. A famous visitor was folk singer Pete Seeger, an identified Communist, who provided entertainment for the assembled "socially conscious" citizens that weekend. Seeger has been active in the civil rights movement for many years and composed the modem lyrics to the song, "We Shall Overcome," the battle hymn of the civil rights street Revolutionaries and their companions of the New Left.
American citizens should ask themselves why-since all of this information is publicly available-have not Life, Look, Time and Newsweek and CBS, NBC and ABC informed the American public of these facts?
Since the individuals involved with SCEF and the Highlander School form a virtual honor roll of Communists, one wonders why King has continued to work with and accept support from these individuals and has publicity defended them against all attacks. It could be that King is naive. However, many Americans find it is difficult to believe that a man could build an organization the size of King’s and obtain the immense influence and prestige that King has-in the highest circles of government- and be
MARTIN LUTHER KING (actually M. L. King, Jr.) (1), above, is seen in 1957 photo at Highlander Folk School (for Communist training) with (2) Abner W. Berry of the Central Committee of the CPUSA, (3) Aubrey Wil-liams, president of the Communist front, the Southern Conference Educa-tional Fund, and (4) Myles Horton, director of the school. Located at Monteagle, Tennessee, the school was closed down by the state of Tennessee; but an offspring is now thriving at Knoxville.
Since the individuals involved with SCEF and the Highlander School form a virtual honor roll of Communists, one wonders why King has continued to work with and accept support from these individuals and has publicity defended them against all attacks. It could be that King is naive. However, many Americans find it is difficult to believe that a man could build an organization the size of King’s and obtain the immense influence and prestige that King has-in the highest circles of government- and benaive.
King’s lapses into poor judgment, however, have not been restricted merely to associations with the Communists and SCEF and Highlander Folk School. In 1955, King hired Bayard Rustin as a secretary and "advisor." King has described Rustin as "a brilliant, efficient and dedicated organizer and one of the best and most persuasive interpreters of nonviolence." (WashingtonPost, August 11, 1961) One of Rustin’s interpretations of "nonviolence" was given in Richmond, Virginia in September 1963, when he suggested "that more bloody Negro suffering should be encouraged so that squeamish northern Negroes would be horrified into line … (Richmond News Leader, September 27, 1963.)
What is there in Rustin’s background that qualifies him for the position of advisor to the learned Dr. King? Rustin has publicly admitted that he was for many years a paid organizer for the Young Communist League, the predecessor to the current Communist W. E. B. DuBois Clubs. The purpose of the Young Communist League was to recruit young people into the Communist Party. Rustin has also served as Field Secretary for CORE. During World War II he became a pacifist and served 28 months-for draft evasion-in federal prisons at Ashland, Kentucky and Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. ("Allen-Scott Report", August 16, 1963)
In February 1957, while on the payroll of Martin Luther King, Rustin attended the National Convention of the Communist Party USA, ostensibly as a "non-Communist" observer. Following the convention Rustin signed a statement, which was reproduced in the Communist newspaper, The Worker, formerly Daily Worker, stating:
The sessions of the convention were democratically conducted with vigorous discussion of all matters brought to the floor. There were many indications that no individual or group was in a position to control the convention. (Daily Worker, February 25,1957, p. 1.)
Perhaps Bayard Rustin too is naive. Rustin, however, is obviously not naive about all things. If you happen to be browsing through the arrest files of the Pasadena Police Department and come across arrest record No. 33914 you will find that Rustin was arrested and pleaded guilty in 1953 to homosexual activities with two other men in an automobile.(Congressional Record, August 7, 1963.)
Bayard Rustin, according to liberal columnists Evans and Novak, "has never disguised his doctrinaire Socialist view that the root of the Negro’s misery is the American economic system." (PhiladelphiaInquirer, November 24, 1965.)
Rustin never makes any pretense of hiding his Marxist beliefs or his desire to institute them through political power. He has written:
The Negro struggle for equality in America is essentially revolutionary. . . but the term revolutionary as I am using it does not connote violence; it refers to the qualitative transformation of fundamental institutions, more or less rapidly, to the point where the social and economic structure which they comprise can no longer be said to be the same.... We can only conclude that we are talking about the refashioning of our political economy.... How are these radical objectives to be achieved? The answer is simple, deceptively so: through political power. Neither the Civil Rights movement nor the country’s 20 million black people can win political power alone. We need allies-a coalition of progressive forces which will become the effective political majority of the United States. I speak of the coalition which staged the March On Washington, passed the Civil Rights Act, and laid the basis for the Johnson landslide-Negroes, trade unionists, liberals and religious groups. (Commentary, February 1965.)
Rustin is probably best known for his work in organizing the "March On Washington" in 1963. In fact, A. Philip Randolph, the leader of the march, claimed, "Mr. Rustin is Mr. March on Washington himself". Randolph, a former Socialist party candidate for political office, has had a long career as an active fronter for the Communists. At the time of the March On Washington, co-sponsored by Walter Reuther and the United Auto Workers, Young Communist Leaguer Bayard Rustin and Socialist A. Philip Randolph had their pictures on the cover ofLife magazine. Life, however, neglected to mention that both of these men had dedicated their lives to rebuilding Uncle Sam in the image of Karl Marx.
Although Rustin officially left King’s employ in 1960, he has remained with King as an "advisor" and participates in most of King’s SCLC functions. Rustin accompanied King to Norway for King’s acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, and was also with King when he deplaned in Los Angeles following the Watts Rebellion in August 1965. Rustin had been with King at the SCLC convention in Jackson, Mississippi.
In 1960, when Rustin ceased to be a full-time advisor to Dr. King, he was replaced later in the year by a man sometimes known as Hunter Pitts O’Dell. O’Dell sometimes operates under the names of Jack H. O’Dell; at other times, John Vesey or Ben Jones. O’Dell does, however, know what he is doing. Information received by the House Committee on Un-American Activities revealed that O’Dell was in fact the district organizer for the Communist Party in New Orleans. (St. Louis Globe Democrat, October 26, 1962.)
It was later revealed that O’Dell had been elected to the National Committee of the Communist Party. At the time that it was revealed O’Dell was an officer in the Communist Party, he was on King’s payroll as an advisor and served in the top administrative slot in King’s organization. When an individualistic newspaper pointed this out, Dr. King "fired" O’Dell. Dr. King explained that O’Dell "may have had some connection in the past, but we were convinced that he had renounced them and had become committed to the Christian philosophy of nonviolence in dealing with America’s social injustices." (Richmond News Leader,September 27, 1963.)
In all candor it must be said that Dr. King cribbed a bit on the commandment "Thou shall not bear false witness" when he said that he had "fired" O’Dell. Really what he did was transfer O’Dell to another office.
Wherever King travels, North or South, East or West, he finds police brutality under every bed, If King is correct, virtually all policemen everywhere are by nature a brutal and vicious lot. When King arrived in Los Angeles with his "advisor" Bayard Rustin, as the flames of four days of insurrection were dying down, King blamed the riots on police brutality. Mayor Sam Yorty of Los Angeles contradicted King. Said he:
For some time there existed a world wide subversive campaign to stigmatize all police as brutal. The cry of brutality has been shouted all over the world by Communists, dupes and demagogues irrespective of the facts. Such a campaign has been vigorously pushed here in Los Angeles. (Los Angeles Times, August 18, 1965, p. 3.)
Why are the police a special target of the Communistsand for the Reverend King? The local police comprise America’s first line of defense. They deal with the Communist Revolutionaries at the local level and are responsible for the protection of the lives and property of local citizens. The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, in its report, A Communist Plot Against The Free World Police, states:
Our police are among the foremost guardians of freedom and thus a major target of the Communists. A smear campaign attempted to discredit the leaders among the rank and file.... The Communist press specializes in playing up and discrediting all police action against rioters and mobs.
The May 1950 issue ofPolitical Affairs, the theoretical journal of the Communist Party, declared:
A specific movement against police brutality is urgently necessary. .. There must be a public investigation into every police department and into the brutal conduct of police officers by Citizens’ Committees. Clearly, this fight against police brutality cannot be handled on a simple case to case basis. The magnitude of the issue requires the most rapid building of the broadest front of Negro organizations.
In other words, the Communists are demanding civilian police review boards. Coincidentally, King always demands police review boards. Maybe it is advice that he gets from Hunter Pitts O’Dell, Bayard Rustin or Wyatt Tee Walker. Could it be that Dr. King is naive?
Among other occasions on which King has shown poor judgment is King’s use of the mailing plates of the National Guardian newspaper in a campaign to solicit funds for the SCLC. The National Guardian was characterized by the House Committee on Un-American Activities as "...a virtual official propaganda arm of Soviet Russia." (Guide to Subversive Organizations, Washington, DC, 1961, p. 193.)
In June 1964, King sent a telegram to Jesse Gray, a Communist who had been leading riots and rent strikes in New York. In the telegram King told Gray, "You have my absolute support.- . ." The Communists considered that telegram so important that they put it on the front page of their newspaper, The Worker. (The Worker, June 2, 1964, p. 1.) One month following King’s promise of "absolute support," Gray called for "guerrilla warfare" in the United States and said that he needed "One hundred skilled black revolutionaries who were ready to die." (New York Times, July 20, 1964.)
The Communists praise, consistently, only those who are doing the work of the Communist Party. Manning Johnson, a Negro who left the Communist Party after discovering that the Reds only intended to enslave the colored people, had this to say to a government body concerning King:
The Communists are praising King to the highest and they are daily quoting some of his speeches which express more or less what they say.... I wonder who is giving him the Party Line. (Subversion in Racial Unrest, Joint Legislative Committee, State of Louisiana, 1957, p. 205.)
The admiration verges on idolatry:
• Benjamin J. Davis., the late Communist National Secretary, called King "a brilliant and great practical leader." (The Worker, November 10, 1963, p. 3.)
• The Workeritself praised King’s "great inspirational leadership." (September 15, 1964, p. 2)
• King is "courageous and sagacious" according to William Patterson, a Negro member of the Communist National Committee. (November 25,. 1965, p. 4.)
• Patterson said inThe Worker on that same date, "Millions of white and Negro Americans should rally to Dr. King’s call … "
Just as the Communists and their sympathizers are always in favor of any legislation that lessens the power of local government and promotes the increase in power of the federal government, so in the realm of law enforcement the Revolutionaries would like to replace the local police with a national police force which they could control-as they already control many appointed officials and elected, vote-hungry politicians in high offices. That is why Communists work to tie the hands of local police officials-through establishing police review boards -so that when disturbances do break out the power of the police to control them is restrained. Whether it is a .protest march in the South or a riot in the North the cry is always for federal troops. The idea of a national police force is not new. Other countries have had them. In Germany they were called the Gestapo.
Martin Luther King, the Nobel Peace Prize winner, has built his career upon the term "nonviolence." Yet King has admitted in his own book, Why We Can’t Wait, and in an article written for Saturday Review, that inciting people to violence is the key to success of the civil rights march. He states:
Long years of experience indicate to us that Negroes can achieve this goal when four things occur:
1. Nonviolent demonstrators go into the streets to exercise their Constitutional rights.
4. The Administration, under mass pressure, initiates measures of immediate intervention and remedial legislation.
(ML King, Jr., "Behind the Selma March", Saturday Review, April 3, 1965, pp. 16, 17; 57.)
In other words, if you can provoke people into attacking you while television cameras grind away and flashbulbs pop, the mass media will make your march a success.
Also in his book, King describes how in one parade they effectively used "youngsters ranging from elementary pupils to teen-age high school and college students .. . the lame and the halt and the crippled," for their propaganda value. (Why We Can’t Wait, p. 29.) The techniques of "nonviolence" then are a combination of show biz and blackmail. They work even better when there is a martyr. Rabbi Richard L. Rubenstein of Pittsburgh told how clergymen were used in Selma in such a way as to attempt to subject them to bodily injury. "They wanted dead bodies. Our bodies," said the Rabbi.
King, in another book, has stated his affirmative attitude toward Marx and Marxism. King says that in studying Marx:
"It challenged me-to a growing concern about social justice ...I was deeply concerned about the gulf between superfluous wealth and abject poverty, and my reading of Marx made me ever more conscious of this gulf.... Marx bad revealed the danger of the profit motive as the sole basis of an economic system... In so far as he pointed to weaknesses of traditional capitalism, contributed to the growth of a definite self-consciousness in the masses, and challenged the social conscience of the Christian churches, I responded with a definite ‘Yes!"(Stride Toward Freedom, New York, Ballantine Books, 1958, pp. 74-75.)
The Reverend King says that he did not accept Marxist views on religion, but it is obvious that he did accept the basic fundamental tenet of Communism-the class war.
It is very difficult to find a public cause upon which King and the Communist Party have any differences. King has called upon the President to free Morton Sobel.l, the Soviet spy serving thirty years in prison for stealing our atomic secrets; he has called for the admission of Communist China to the UN, petitioned Congress to abolish the Committee on Un-American Activities and the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee-the only congressional bodies empowered to investigate Communism-joined the Communists in publicly denouncing the conviction of Communists Carl Braden and Frank Wilkinson for contempt of Congress, called for the pardon of Communist Julius Scales, convicted of violating the Smith Act by advocating the violent overthrow of the United States government; and he has demanded the withdrawal of the United States troops which-despite an official "no-win" policy at the top-are attempting to stop the Communist capture of South Vietnam. As the IndianapolisStar on July 8, 1965, stated, "If King is not a Communist he might as well be; for he is doing for them exactly what they themselves propose and have advocated for years." For King positions are all official Communist or Communist-front positions. Of course, that doesn’t necessarily make King a Communist. Maybe he’s naive.