Current Space Weather

SDO-NASA and the [AIA, EVE, and/or HMI] consortium.   Primer on Space Weather

Current Sunspot Activity
Current Sun

Sunspots last 30 days

Sunspot graph courtesy: Newquay Weather

Current Sunspots
Solar Storms

Solar Radiation Solar Radiation Storms: The Proton Flux shows the last 3 days of data for the most dangerous part of a Solar Storm; Solar Radiation.

Note the left side Particles value of 101 through 105 MeV for the red band, and the duration of the storm. Match with the
Solar Radiation Storm column in the scale.
Solar Storm Index Radio Blackouts: This plot shows the last 3 days of Solar X-ray values for the part of Solar Storms causing radio blackouts.

Note the left side (W/m2) of 10-5 through 10-2 and note the right side M or X. Match with Radio Blackouts column in the
scale.  Affected Freqs

eg. An Xray Flux of 10-3 in the X20 range (very top plot w/out a value in the right side) is indicative of an EXTREME (R5) event-radio blackout on the entire sunlit side of Earth lasting for a number of hours.

Geomagnetic Storm Index Geomagnetic Storms This plot shows Geomagnetic Storm strength. Note the left side Kp value of 5 through 9 (<5 not an event) and duration. Match with the Geomagnetic Storm column in the scale.

eg. A Kp 7 event is a STRONG (G3) event-HF radio may be intermittent, and aurora have been seen as low as Illinois and Oregon.
Direction, Angle, and Magnitude of the Solar Wind can be determined using the dials below.

Interplanetary Magnetic Field

Current Magnetosphere
This plot shows actual Solar Wind pressure on Earth's Magnetosphere.
IMF Dials courtesy: Rice Space Institute

The measure of electrical power delivered to the atmosphere from the solar wind.

This plot shows the current extent and position of the auroral oval in the northern hemisphere, during the most recent NOAA POES satellite pass.

The red arrow in the plot, that looks like a clock hand, points toward the noon meridian.

The power fluxes are color coded on a scale from 0 to 10 ergs .cm-2.sec-1 according to the color bar on the right. The pattern has been oriented with respect to the underlying geographic map using the current UTC time, updated every ten minutes.

Radio Propogation

Radio Map
IPS Space Weather

Solar Activity Monitor

The monitor in the page heading provides a textual status of X-Ray and Geomagnetic activity and refers to the X-Ray Flux and Planetary K Index graphs.
NORMAL Solar X-ray flux is quiet (<1.00e-6 W/m^2).
ACTIVE Solar X-ray flux is active (>= 1.00e-6 W/m^2).
M CLASS FLARE An M Class Solar Flare has occurred (>= 1.00e-5 W/m^2).
X CLASS FLARE An X Class Solar Flare has occurred (>= 1.00e-4 W/m^2).
MEGA FLARE An unprecedented X-ray event has occurred (>= 1.00e-3 W/m^2).

Script courtesy of: Lee from MadALwx.
Graph base code courtesy of: jpGraph.