Independence County, Arkansas
Independence County Historical Society Chronicle, April 1969
A Biographical Sketch of the Charles Kelly Family
by Duane Huddleston
The history of the beginning of Independence County, Batesville, and the Territory of Arkansas is replete with the name of
Charles Kelly, the county's first sheriff, the first postmaster of Poke Creek, and whose home was the county's first seat of
justice. In the following article, Mr. Huddleston has brought together results of the research of many fragments in the
early day records of both the county and the Territory of Arkansas to present an unduplicated account of this public
official and businessman.
On pages 30 and 31 on Volume VIII, Number 4, of the Independence County Chronicle are the photographs of two plain headstones, which stand inconspicuously in the quietness of shady Oaklawn Cemetery in Batesville. The first silent sentinel proclaims, "Charles Kelley, Died May 28, A. D. 1833 [should be 1834], aged about 54 years"; and on the second are carved these words, "Mary, Wife of Charles Kelley, Died Feb. 1, A. D. 1836, Aged about 44 years." Beneath these simple markers rest the remains of a truly remarkable pioneer couple. Though little has been published concerning the exploits of Charles Kelly, research may establish him among the most important early pioneers of Independence County and the Arkansas Territory. Charles Kelly, certainly a strong-willed and courageous man, came to the area as early as 1809, when it was a vast wilderness and a hunter's paradise in the Louisiana District. During his lifetime, he watched it successfully become parts of the Missouri and Arkansas Territories. This man of many talents witnessed the birth of Independence County, and was instrumental in the formation and early growth of Batesville. Working tirelessly at his side was his beloved wife, Mary Kelly, an extraordinary woman who knew the hardships of frontier life and the horrors of Indian warfare. This study, admittedly limited in scope, is an effort to probe into the unpublished experiences of this pioneer family. Charles Kelly's character and ability are best revealed in the statements and writings of those who knew him. Charles Fenton Mercer Noland testified by deposition on September 7, 1850, in a court case concerning the Kelly heirs, "I was well acquainted with Charles Kelly. He was a man of few words generally, but was sociable with his friends. Charles Kelly was a man of limited education, but of great energy and business in merchandising and farming, and afterwards was engaged in steamboating. Also, being one of the firm of Montgomery, Kelly, and Company in 1833, he commanded the Steamer VOLANT." (1 Sworn deposition by Charles Fenton Mercer Noland to Jesse Search, Justice of the Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 7, 1850.) While a correspondent to the Arkansas Gazette, C. F. M. Noland wrote, "He was one of the earliest settlers, having a preemption under the Act of 1814. He had no education, could barely read and write, but he had a head to make up for these deficiencies. Honest as the day was long, his word was his bond. Silent and reserved as a general thing, yet he abounded with much information which was useful. He was a kind and generous man, much beloved and respected. I remember an anecdote which will go to illustrate his deficiency in education. At the time he was living in the Oil Trough, but had a store in Batesville, which my worthy friend, Joseph H. Egner, attended to. Once when he had been up and left, there was an entry on the book that Egner could not make out. I was called in -- it was beyond my reach. There was a name and then twenty-five cents. At length John D., who had been deputy sheriff, was called in. He looked at it and soon explained the matter. It was Hezekiah Burris, whom we supposed to be a non-resident owner of land, and was charged with the balance of Taxes, twenty-five cents. Some days afterward Kelly came to town, when carried to the book, dryly observed that he had paid twenty-five cents for a quart of huckleberries, and put it on the books." (2 Arkansas State Gazette and Democrat, Little Rock, Arkansas, May 9, 1857, page 2.) Robert Bates, another early Batesville settler, in the court case previously cited, testified by deposition on September 9, 1850, "Charles Kelly was a man of limited education, but there were few men of such kindness or natural ability than he was. He was a man of great energy and industry, and a very kind man, when he had a liking." (3 Sworn Deposition by Robert Bates to Jesse Searcy, Justice of the Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 9, 1850.) Concerning Mary Kelly [nee Ramsey, Mrs. Peter Craig], C. F. M. Noland via deposition wrote, "I was well acquainted with Mrs. Kelly. She was an industrious woman and of good judgment in business generally. She managed the farm of Charles Kelly in his absence. He was away from home a good deal on steamboats and had a separate establishment up near the North Fork of White River. For some years previous to his death, Mr. Kelly gave up the principal management to Mrs. Kelly, who managed it well. She was called among her neighbors as good a farmer as was in the bottoms. When Mr. Kelly lived in Batesville and kept Tavern, Mrs. Kelly was equally efficient as the landlady, and was in any position a woman of excellent sense and industry. (1) Although no information could be found ascertaining the exact place and birth date of Charles Kelly, this writer believes that he was born in the vicinity of what is now Winchester, Clark County, Kentucky. John Lindsey Lafferty, a famous early settler of the area, stated by deposition on September 9, 1850, "My first acquaintance with Charles Kelly commenced in the year 1808 in the neighborhood of Nashville, Tennessee. He was then, I should think, about 24 or 25 years old, stout and healthy, rather on the slender order. He had command of a keelboat for my father . . . . Charles Kelly was five to seven years older than I am, and I was born in 1791. Charles Kelly was about my height, a littler lower or a little higher, but I sometimes think a little lower; and when I was young I was five feet ten inches and three quarters high." (4 Sworn Deposition by John L. Lafferty to Jesse Searcy, Justice of the Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 9, 1850.) If Mr. Kelly were five to seven years younger than John Lafferty, then he would have been born from 1784 to 1786. However, information on the grave marker of Charles Kelly gives his age as about 54 years at the time of his death, which was listed as May 28, 1833. If this were true, then he was born in 1779. The authenticity of certain information on the grave stone is questionable. Indisputable evidence will be presented showing that he died in 1834, and not in 1833 as shown. Information given by Mr. Lafferty raises doubts as to the exactness of Charles Kelly's age. To return to the life of our primary subject, Col. Charles H. Pelham, one of Batesville's most famous early pioneers, testified on September 10, 1850, "I first saw Charles Kelly in 1819, and I knew him from that time until he died. I understand from him that he was born in Clark County, Kentucky, and was raised or worked at the Sandy Salt works when he was a boy. We have often conversed together about his relations in Clark County, Kentucky. Among them was an uncle of his, Jo. Kelly, whom I knew. I do not recollect to have heard Charles Kelly speak of his father as living. My understanding from Charles Kelly, to the best of my recollection, was that his father died about the time he left there for the salt works. . . . I was acquainted with the country in and about Clark County, Kentucky, in the early times. The Sandy Salt Springs are in the upper part of Kentucky. "Joseph Kelly that I knew and that Charles Kelly spoke of as his uncle, lived in Clark County, Kentucky, about seven miles northwest of Winchester. He lived there from 1812 to 1817. I am under the impression Joseph Kelly had brothers, though I was not acquainted with them. From what Charles Kelly told me, I think Charles Kelly began to work in the Sandy Salt works between the ages of twelve and seventeen years and that he remained there until he was grown. (5 Sworn Deposition by Charles H. Pelham to Jesse Searcy, Justice of the Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 10, 1850.) "Charles Kelly and I were well-acquainted. I boarded with him two years. He knew I had lived in Clark County, Kentucky, and we frequently had conversation about the people and events of that country and the matters pertaining to it. I do not remember to have heard Charles Kelly say what part of Clark County he lived or was borned in." (5) After leaving the Sandy Salt works, he began working on keelboats on the Cumberland, Ohio, Mississippi, and possibly the Arkansas River. Again, dates are hazy, but according to John L. Lafferty, Charles Kelly was in his father's employ on a keelboat in 1808. (4) Mr. Lafferty reveals, "The boat was then from St. Charles. I understood from Kelly that he had go on the boat at or near the mouth of the Cumberland River on her trip before to St. Charles, went there, and was returning on her to above Nashville, where I first saw him in the edge of Sumner County. Charles Kelly returned on the keelboat with my father to St. Charles. And I went there from Tennessee in the fall of 1809 and found Charles Kelly there in my father's employ. That same fall, Charles Kelly left St. Charles in charge of a hunting party and went up White River above this place by water on a hunting trip, and in the spring of 1810 he returned down. He then went with my father to Natchez, then he went to my father's residence in Sumner County, Tennessee. In the summer of 1810 Charles Kelly married my oldest sister [Elizabeth Lafferty]. I was with Charles Kelly on his way to the hunting trip above referred to as far as the Post of Arkansas." (4) Although John Lafferty does not mention his sister's name, Josiah Shinn, Arkansas historian, gives it as Elizabeth, and says that she married a man named Kelly. (5) Statements from John Lafferty continue: "He and his wife came out to Arkansas and settled near the Post of Arkansas, where his wife died within about a month from the time they married, and without issue. (4) "During the year 1810, though at different times, Charles Kelly and myself came up on to White River, and for about four years, say 1811, 1812, 1813, and 1814, we lived pretty much together, as bachelors not being married, and cropped and hunted and kept our stock together. (4) "During those four years I have heard Charles Kelly speak of his father. I understood from Charles Kelly that he came from Kentucky, though I do not now recollect what county, and tract his father lived in Kentucky. I have heard him speak of having worked in the Kenhava (?) salt works in Virginia before he came to Davidson County, Tennessee. I have often heard Charles Kelly speak of his sister, who lived at or near Chillicothe, Ohio, and of his having been at Chillocothe. I have never heard him speak of any brother or sister besides her. (4)
"From August 1810, or thereabouts, I knew the business of Charles Kelly, and where he was the most of that interval.
We were in the immediate vicinity of each other in Independence County, Arkansas, until we parted and Kelly went below
and reached New Orleans so as to be present for the Battle of New Orleans." (4)
Whether or not he participated in the Battle of New Orleans, as did the father of his deceased wife, is unknown.
Nevertheless, he was present when the famous battle occurred, and being the shrewd business man that he was, made it a
paying proposition. This was evident when John L. Lafferty avowed, "Soon after the Battle of New Orleans in 1815,
Charles Kelly went to Kentucky. He had been to New Orleans, where he had taken some hogs, and had got a check or draft
on Kentucky for his hogs, and on his return to Arkansas he told me that he had been at his father's in Kentucky . . .
When Charles Kelly went to New Orleans in 1814 or 1815, we divided our property, and I was not so much with him after
that time." (4)
Charles Kelly may have considered the Post of Arkansas as his home from 1806 until his wife's death in 1810,
though he undoubtedly was away a good deal of the time on keelboats. Pertaining to this John Ruddell wrote, "Charles
Kelly has told me that he came to the Post of Arkansas in 1806, poor, and then he married Miss Lafferty and lived in
the Post four year, and in 1810 came up on to White River, where his first wife died in 1811, or about that time." (7)
In view of the information presented by John Lafferty, it is believed that this part of the deposition should read,
"Charles Kelly has told me that he came to the Post of Arkansas poor, and lived in the Post four years, and then he
married Miss Lafferty, etc." A line in the original manuscript was marked through, and the statement as made above by
Ruddell substituted. At least Charles Kelly brought his bride, Elizabeth Lafferty, to the Post of the Arkansas to live,
where, according to her brother, she died. Another bit of information which lends credence to his having called the
Post of Arkansas his home for four years, is the fact that John L. Lafferty accompanied him there in 1809, after which
Kelly took the hunting party to above what is now Independence County. (4) During this period in Kelly's life, he was
engaged primarily in keelboating and hunting and the Post of Arkansas was the prominent settlement in Arkansas at that time.
(page 11) After this remarkable man returned to Kentucky from the Battle of New Orleans, and until 1819 when Charles
L. Pelham first saw him, little is known of his activities. Although John Ruddell stated that Kelly lived on White River,
he must have been in the vicinity of Cape Girardeau, Missouri, for at least a short while, because it was there that he
wooed the widow, Mary Craig [nee Ramsey] who was to become his second wife.
John Ruddell [son of George Ruddell] says of Charles Kelly, "I knew him slightly before while I lived in Missouri, and
before he married Mrs. Craig, his second wife. She lived in Missouri when Kelly married her. I knew her there. Before he
married Mrs. Craig, I knew little of his pecuniary circumstances, but think they were limited . . . I was acquainted with
the circumstances of Mrs. Craig's family, and I think when Kelly married her she had considerable property, and I know she
got a good deal of property from her mother after her marriage to Kelly. Mrs. Craig had right smart property when she left
the widow Craig, but I cannot say how much. Her father Mr. Ramsey, was a man of property, and she got a good deal after
her marriage to Kelly according to my understanding, but don't know how much . . . Her husband was killed in the army. I think
he had some property. She afterwards got some property from her father, and then again from her mother, who survived her father.
Mrs. Craig had other brothers and sisters, how many I do not know. I know of four of her brothers who were in the army with me."
Mary Ramsay Craig, born about 1792, was the daughter of Andrew Ramsay, said to have been among the Virginia troops which aided
in the defeat of General Braddock in the Revolutionary War. He was also related by marriage to Daniel Morgan, a celebrated hero
in the same conflict, and who founded the New Madrid settlement in Missouri in 1788. (8)
Suffering financial reverses, Andrew Ramsay migrated from Harper's Ferry to the Spanish domain of Upper Louisiana about 1795,
where he received a Spanish grant of some 500 acres of land. He founded the settlement later known as Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
Accompanying him were his wife and daughters, Margaret, Mary, and Rachel, and his sons John, Andrew Jr., James, William, and Allen.
A short time later his married daughters Mrs. William Daugherty and Mrs. Samuel Tipton, and families, made settlements in the
If this is true, then Mary Ramsay was born in Virginia, but the U. S. Mortality Schedules of 1880 (which shows her eldest
daughter's death) lists her birth place as Missouri. Andrew Ramsay may have come to the area earlier than 1795, and Mary Ramsay
may have been born there.
For many years the Ramsay plantation was the focal point to which pioneers from Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, and
Tennessee directed their travels. The new settlers arriving from the States would rest along Ramsay's Creek, and accompanied
by Andrew Ramsay, prospect the surrounding territory for suitable locations. Many relatives and family connections of Ramsay
congregated in the area, among which were the families of Nicholas Seavers, Jeremiah Simpson, and Dr. Andrew Hayden. (6)
Mary Ramsay's father is described thus in Goodspeed's: "Andrew Ramsay was a man of substance and the owner of a goodly
number of slaves. He exercised a decided influence in the settlement, and so as early as 1799 an English school, the first west
of the Mississippi, was established at what was called Mount Tabor, a mile from his plantation, and in the center of his new
settlement. He was one of the largest land holders in the district. A few years after the acquisition of Louisiana by the
United States, he removed to what is now Batesville in the then territory of Arkansas, where he died." (8)
Of Andrew Ramsay's children, Margaret married Stephen Jones and moved to Arkansas; Rachel became the wife of John Rodney;
John Ramsay married a Hannah; while Andrew Jr. and James married Patty and Rebecca Worthington respectively. The families of
John, Andrew Jr., and James located in Mississippi County. Mary Ramsay married Peter Craig at Cape Girardeau, and their first
child, Elizabeth, was born February 25, 1813. (8) The birth date of Elizabeth Craig is taken from her grave marker in
Oaklawn Cemetery. [Batesville, Arkansas]
Four months later an incident occurred which was to profoundly effect the lives of Peter and Mary Craig. At a council of
the Winnebago, Kickapoo, Miami, Sac, Fox, Sioux, Pottawattomie, and some of the Shawnee Indians, the tribes, influenced by the
noted Tecumseh, voted to go on the warpath. Murders and depredations by the Indians increased along the northwestern frontier.
Several companies of Indian fighters were recruited south of the Missouri River, one of the first being in the Cape Girardeau
District by Captain Andrew Ramsay, Jr. in mid-1813. Among the other officers of the company were Peter Craig, second lieutenant;
William Ramsay, ensign; and James Ramsey, sergeant. Since John Ruddell stated that he was in the army with four of Mrs. Craig's
brothers, it was probably in this company, for about 1814 he migrated to what is now Independence County.
In May and June of 1814, Mary Ramsay Craig's husband, now Captain Peter Craig, recruited his own company of mounted rangers
in Cape Girardeau County. The troops were mustered into service on July 2 to help guard the frontiers of Missouri and Illinois,
and Captain Craig was made commander of Fort Howard. Also serving in the company was ranger Jehoida Jeffery, who later became
prominent in Independence and Izard Counties, Arkansas.
On May 24, 1815, Captain Craig, and part of his company, battled a war party of about fifty Indians near Cap au Gris in
Lincoln County. An account of the battle, as furnished by Col. John Shaw to the Wisconsin Historical Society, appears in
Goodspeed's. During the battle, Capt. Peter Craig fell mortally wounded, and his body was returned to Fort Howard and Mrs.
Craig, who was expecting another child. (8)
Her second child, Emeline, was born January 2, 1816, some seven months after the father's death. Again the birth date
was taken from the grave marker in Oaklawn Cemetery. Mary Craig lived with her daughters, Elizabeth and Emeline, in the
vicinity of Cape Girardeau until her marriage to Charles Kelly, after which they moved to his home in the Arkansas Territory.
Though the date of their marriage is unknown, it was probably sometime in late 1816. Charles Pelham also stated,
"Charles Kelly was married to his last wife some short time before I knew him." (5) Since Col. Pelham became acquainted
with him in 1819, this tends to substantiate the sister's statement.
Whether the parents of Mary Ramsay Craig Kelly accompanied her to the Arkansas Territory is uncertain, but, according
to Goodspeed's, her father died near Batesville. No record could be found showing Andrew Ramsay's residence in or near
Batesville, though he may have lived in the vicinity, for the Arkansas Historical Quarterly (Vol. I, page 56) lists an
Andrew Ramsay among the Revolutionary War soldiers buried in Independence County.
Mary Kelly's brother, William Ramsay, who married Elizabeth Dunn, arrived in the area about 1819. William settled
permanently at Ramsay's Ferry as early as 1822, and owned land with his brother-in-law, Charles Kelly. Among William
Ramsay's brothers-in-law on his wife's side were John Simpson, Web Hayden, and Wiley Dunn, who moved to Texas with his
large family in 1861. (9)
The union of Mary Ramsay Craig and Charles Kelly was advantageous for both. According to John Ruddell, Mrs. Craig
had considerable property when she married her second husband, but her new spouse was no pauper. As previously stated by
Charles Fenton Mercer Noland, Mr. Kelly settled under the preemption Act of 1814 and had property of his own, the extent
of which is unknown. Nevertheless, he was a highly respected citizen of the Arkansas Territory.
When Independence County was created on October 20, 1820, the General Assembly directed that the Temporary Seat of
Justice be established at the home of Charles Kelly, on White River, and on October 26, 1820, he was appointed sheriff
of the new county. A short two weeks later, he was honored with another post of responsibility, being appointed the first
postmaster of Poke Creek on November 7, 1820. He served the area diligently in this capacity until November 14, 1824 when
he was succeeded by Hartwell Boswell.
On October 26, 1820, John Reed, Perry Magness, Robert Bean, Stephen Jones, and Matthew Adams were appointed Commissioners
to supervise the erection of a courthouse and jail. Once again the importance of Charles Kelly in the development of Batesville
and Independence County emerges.
An interesting story relative to the actions of the Commissioners is contained in the March 10, 1821 edition of the
Arkansas Gazette. The story read, "The Commissioners of the County of Independence met at the house of Charles Kelly, Esq., on
the 23rd day of Feb. for the purpose of establishing the permanent Seat of Justice for said county, and have established the
same at the residence of Mr. Robert Bean, at the mouth of Poke Bayou, on White River. The donations offered were liberal,
consisting of 355 acres of land, the building of the public jail, and fifty dollars in cash. The landed donations are of
great value, and will, besides building a Court-House, afford a handsome fund to the county for other public purposes. Thus
do we see the inhabitants of Independence County relieved from the burden of being taxed for public buildings, whilst those
of some of her sister counties are laboring under heavy taxes for this purpose." (10)
Evidently, the contributor of the above story was mistaken, or the liberal donor or donors, withdrew their generous
offers, for Independence County did not get the free jail, its 355 acres, or its fifty dollars in cash. The contents of
a deed recorded on the same day the Commissioners met (February 23) showed that Robert and Jesse Bean sold the commissioners
275 acres of land for use in building a courthouse near the mouth of Poke Bayou. Robert Bean was given his choice of five
town lots to be deeded to him when the town was laid off. Jesse Bean received $1000. Two acres of the 275 were reserved
for the building site and the streets surrounding it. (11)
An advertisement, dated March 10, 1821, and listing lots for sale in the Town of Batesville, appeared in the Arkansas
Gazette. The sale notice was signed by Richard Searcy, Charles Kelly, Joseph Hardin, and Samuel S. Hall. (12)
Charles Kelly's enterprises were expanding, and by 1821 he had obtained a tavern. Concerning that, Robert Bates writes,
"I came to Batesville in 1821 or 1822. I recollect it was at the time the first court was held in Batesville." (3) Since
the Court of Common Appeals, Batesville's first court, was held in 1821, this then, is the date of Bates' arrival, and his
first acquaintance with Kelly. Continuing, Bates states, "Charles Kelly was Sheriff of Independence County, which then was
a very extensive county. He was then keeping a tavern in the town part of Batesville. I was a good deal in his employ tending
the bar, while Charles Kelly and his brother-in-law Ramsey were off serving subpoenas. Mrs. Kelly had charge of the home and
a very industrious managing woman she was." (3)
The tavern referred to was more than just a drinking establishment. It was probably Batesville's first hotel. It was a
large, two-story building, which was also the residence of the Kelly family, and Mrs. Kelly was the landlady for the roomers
and boarders. During early January 1824, a great flood occurred in the vicinity of Batesville. The Arkansas Gazette of
January 27 reported, "In this general calamity we regret to learn that the flourishing little town of Batesville has not
escaped. At the tavern house of Charles Kelly, Esq., the water rose so as to cover the first floor, and the family were
obliged to retire to the second story for safety. At Col. Boswell's store, the water was up to the top of his counter." (13)
The Arkansas Gazette in 1831 also contained an advertisement, dated Batesville, October 17, which mentions the tavern
The subscriber having taken the large and commodious
Tavern House formerly occupied by Charles Kelly, Esq.,
in the Town of Batesville, respectfully solicits a
share of public patronage. He pledges himself, that
no care or attention shall be wanting, on his part,
to satisfactorily accommodate all those who may give
him a call. His table shall be constantly supplied
with the best the country affords--his bar regularly
furnished with the choicest liquors that can be selected
in New Orleans--and his stable provided with plenty of
good provender for horses, and attended by a careful and
trusty hostler. M. D. Newton
As far as can be determined, Kelly kept the Tavern House until about 1831, as shown by the preceding advertisement, and
this statement from Robert Bates, "Charles Kelly had a saw mill and grist mill and kept goods up on the North Fork of White
River, and he was up there a good deal himself. In his absence, Mrs. Kelly was the manager of the farm. I kept tavern for
Kelly at Batesville in his absence, and the money that accumulated in my hands I passed over to Mrs. Kelly." (3) Kelly moved
down to his farm in Oil Trough Bottoms about 1827, and his family joined him there later.
But back to Charles Kelly in 1821, and his expanding activities, he was already a planter, landowner, postmaster, sheriff,
and Tavern House proprietor, enough jobs to more than satisfy most men; but he was no ordinary man! In the later part of 1821,
he formed Charles Kelly and Company, which established the Arkansas Bounty Land Agency, and entered into land transactions.
On March 5, 1822, the Arkansas Gazette carried this advertisement: (15)
ARKANSAS BOUNTY LAND AGENCY
The subscribers, residing at the town of Batesville, on White River, in the Territory of Arkansas,
tender their services to the public as General Land Agents within the Territory of Arkansas,
particularly as related to the Military Bounty Lands. They propose:
1st To have recorded in the County, where the land lies, all Military Tracts
that shall be transmitted to them, and pay the fees required thereby.
2ndly To pay the taxes which the Territory shall from time to time impose upon
3rdly To transmit intelligence to any person requiring it, of the value of any
tract that is designated, And
4thly To dispose of, for cash, or otherwise, any of the tracts of the Military
Bounties, and forward the proceeds to any part of the United States, and
to do any business pertaining to a general Agency.
The subscribers assure those persons who may chuse to employ them in the capacity as Agents that their commands shall
receive a prompt attention and that the charge will be very moderate.
Any person wanting information of one or more Tract of the Bounty Lands have only to describe the numbers and enclose
a one dollar note, on any species paying bank in the United States, and they shall receive a faithful account by mail, of
the quality of their lands, which amount shall be full compensation, including postage, for the information. All other
communications requiring different duties, must be paid, otherwise they will not be attended to.
CHARLES KELLY AND CO.
Refer to Simon Gratz & Brother, Phila.; Barr and Welch, Baltimore; Maj. Carey Seldon, Washington City; Ale. M'Crae, Esq.,
Richmond, Va; Andy Hynes, Nashville, Tenn.; Maj. John Tilford, Lexington, Ky; Henry Vonphul, Esq., St. Louis, Missouri.
For Sale -- 60 Tracts, in different parts of the Military Survey. C. K. & Co.
Batesville, Jan. 20, 1822
A large quantity of military land was evidently handled through The Arkansas Bounty Land Agency. In 1825, Charles Kelly,
as Sheriff of Independence County, sold to the Territory of Arkansas a number of tracts of Military Bounty Lands on which the
taxes had not been paid. On the second day of Circuit Court in November of 1825, the court authorized Thomas Curran, Clerk,
to take the sheriff's deposition as to the lands stricken off to the Territory at the last November Sale (1824) for taxes.
John L. Daniels, deputy sheriff, appeared before Thomas Curran on the 28th of November 1825, with the deposition, which
in part reads: (16)
"Personally appeared before me, Thomas Curran, Clerk of the Circuit Court for the County of Independence and Territory of
Arkansas, John L. Daniels, deputy Sheriff, for Charles Kelly, Sheriff of Said County, and after being duly sworn on his Oath,
do Say, that he offered for sale the following tracts of land (to wit 177 pt sections) at the Court house in the Town of
Batesville in Said County on the 7th day of November last, pursuant to an advertisement, and no person having bid to pay the
Taxes and Cost, thereon, the same was stricken off to the Territory, which Taxes on Said lands amounts to the sum of Four
hundred and twenty dollars, 80/100 Territorial Tax.
Next in the deposition was a list of 167 names, followed by a tract of 160 or 320 acres, with a grand total of 29,000
acres. At the end of the document, Charles Kelly, as sheriff of Independence County, certified that the foregoing tracts of
Military Bounty Lands were sold to Arkansas Territory for taxes and charges. On the back of the deposition was an
acknowledgement by the Auditor of the Territory, signed by George Izard, Governor, crediting the sheriff of Independence County
with $424.80 for taxes and $26.15 for advertising costs. Thus for $450.00, Arkansas obtained 29,000 acres of land which could
later be redeemed or bought for taxes and costs.
(page 23) Of course, there is no way of knowing how much of this land was originally transacted through the Arkansas
Bounty Land Agency of Charles Kelly and Company. As sheriff of Independence County (and tax collector), Charles Kelly
certainly had an intimate knowledge of land transactions and values in the area which he served.
The 1824 tax records of Independence County show that, individually, Charles Kelly paid $18.06 in taxes, and in partnership
with Egner (Egner and Kelly) paid $30.00. He also owned land jointly with his brother-in-law, William Ramsey, on which they paid
$3.18 in taxes. This compares with the total taxes of $17.56 paid by Hartwell Boswell, reputedly one of the wealthier men of
Batesville at that time.
In addition to his other businesses, Charles Kelly also owned a store in the town of Batesville. John Ruddell and
Charles Fenton Mercer Noland both made mention of it, and in the anecdote related by the latter, he mentioned Joseph Egner as
the store keeper.
Some time about 1827, Charles Kelly moved to Oil Trough. Robert Bates explains, "He moved down into the Oil Trough Bottom
about sixteen or eighteen miles below Batesville, and he was back and forth. He moved down to the farm sometime between 1825
and 1827, I think." (3) Mrs. Kelly and the rest of the family joined him later.
During this period, Mary and Charles Kelly were blessed with their only known child, James DeWitt Clinton Kelly. Whether
he was born at Batesville, or in the Oil Trough bottom is uncertain, since birth records have not been found. According to the
inscription on his headstone in Oaklawn Cemetery, which reads, "James DeWitt Clinton, Son of Charles and Mary Kelly, Died Oct. 7
A. D. 1844, Aged 17 years 8 mos.", he was born about February 7, 1827. Mary Kelly and her two daughters probably lived in
Batesville until after the birth of the infant, and then moved to the mansion which Charles Kelly built in Oil Trough bottom.
While they lived there, C. F. M. Noland stated that Kelly had a mill at his place and speculated in land. (1) The
Independence County tax records of 1829 show that he paid taxes on 1169 1/2 acres of land. His ownership of land in other
counties is shown by the sale of over 130 acres on an island in the Arkansas River to Mathew Arbuckle on April 30, 1829. In
the same transaction his partner, John Ringgold, sold 321 acres to the same individual. (7) Ted Worley also wrote that
Mr. Kelly accumulated holdings of 1456 acres in Independence County. (18) This information tends to substantiate Noland's
statements that Kelly speculated in land. While in Oil Trough, it has been previously established through the words of
Robert Bates that Kelly had a sawmill, gristmill, and store on the North Fork of White River. Statements by Noland
corroborate those of Bates.
During the last 1820's, Charles Kelly and John Ringgold formed a partnership which was to last until the former's death.
They established the merchandising firm of Kelly and Ringgold, entering into competition with other merchants in the area.
Since the fortunes of Hartwell Boswell were on the decline, the firm of Kelly and Ringgold expanded rapidly, and soon became
one of the leading mercantile establishments of Batesville.
The arrival of the steamboat WAVERLY at Batesville on January of 1831, directly or indirectly, caused the firm of
Kelly and Ringgold to become involved in the steamboat business, which led to the return of Charles Kelly to the river.
John Lafferty said that this talented man was a keelboat commander in 1808 for his father, and in 1832 he was again on
the river, this time as a steamboat captain. When the firm of Kelly and Ringgold, of Batesville, formed a partnership
with Montgomery and Miller, of the Mouth of White River, Charles Kelly became commander of the steamboat VOLANT.
(page 25) Whether the Mouth of White River, described as the location of the firm Montgomery and Miller, is the
same as Montgomery's Point is not clear, hence a short explanation is given relative to the importance of the latter.
C. F. M. Noland wrote, "Montgomery's Point on the Mississippi River was the great trading point for all Arkansas,
North, and what was remarkable, a person passed down those rivers into the Mississippi, and yet never passed through the
mouth of either. Arkansas boats invariably came into Whit River through the cutoff, while a chute of the Mississippi,
just below Montgomery's Point, enabled them to reach the father of waters, without passing out of the mouth of White
Montgomery and Miller purchased the steamboat REINDEER which was later owned by Montgomery, Kelly and Company.
The Arkansas Gazette of October 28, 1831, contained this paragraph, "We understand that Messrs. Montgomery and Miller,
of Mouth of White River, have purchased the new and fast running steamboat REINDEER of about 130 tons burden, and
intend to run her exclusively for the Arkansas Trade. She is expected to be at the Mouth of White River from the 10th
to the 15th next month, on her way up to Arkansas." (20)
Then, on May 23, 1832, the Arkansas Advocate read, "On Saturday afternoon, the steamboat VOLANT, Capt. Charles
Kelly, and on Sunday morning the REINDEER, both from New Orleans, arrived with full freight for both boats, and also
for a large keel, towed by the REINDEER. The two boats contained between three and four hundred emigrants for
Crawford and Washington Counties. These two boats are jointly owned by Montgomery and Miller, of Mouth of White
River, and Kelly and Ringgold of Batesville." (21)
It appears that Charles Kelly and John Ringgold purchased the VOLANT, then formed a partnership with William
Montgomery and his son-in-law David Miller. Kelly was captain of the steamer VOLANT, while David Miller served in
the same capacity on the REINDEER. Prior to July 18, 1832, the two firms had formed the new organization,
Montgomery, Kelly and Company, for an advertisement of the new company appeared in the Arkansas Gazette. A copy
of the announcement is herein reproduced.
As shown by the advertisement, Montgomery, Kelly and Company not only ran a steamboat line from New Orleans
to Catonment Gibson, later Muskogee, Oklahoma, but were also commission and forwarding merchants. In addition to
offering these services to the public, they were in the mercantile business.
Some excerpts from the Arkansas Gazette concerning the steamers are"
"September 26, 1832: We understand the steamboats REINDEER and VOLANT were expected to leave Louisville for
Arkansas about the middle of the month, and one or both, may probably be looked for here about the beginning of
"October 7, 1832: The steamboat REINDEER, Capt. Miller, is lying at the mouth of White River, and may be
looked for up the Arkansas with the first rise of the river. The VOLANT has passed down to New Orleans." (23
"December 5, 1832: The steamboats VOLANT, Capt. Kelly, and REINDEER, Capt. Miller, arrived at this place,
on Wednesday last, from the Mouth of White River, and left, same evening, bound up. The REINDEER returned from
Fort Smith on Sunday evening, and left on Monday morning for New Orleans. She passed the VOLANT about twenty-five
miles below Fort Smith on her way to Fort Gibson." (24)
With John Ringgold in Batesville to look after the interests of the firm, Kelly and Ringgold, Charles Kelly
ran the steamboat VOLANT, and represented them in the transactions of Montgomery, Kelly and Company, at the
Mouth of White River. This arrangement lasted until June, 1833, when disaster struck.
Cholera was raging up and down the river ports of the Mississippi in early June of 1833, when Capt. David
Miller and the REINDEER left the plague-ridden city of New Orleans, bound for the Arkansas River. At Vicksburg
several passengers boarded the REINDEER, one of whom was thought to have spread cholera to the other passengers
and crew. By the time the boat reached the mouth of White River, Captain Miller became sick, and was forced to
go ashore. After an illness of only four or five hours he succumbed to the disease, after which the boat
proceeded up the river without him. When the REINDEER reached Little Rock, six of the passengers and crew were
dead, including the pilot and engineer. One of the passengers died after reaching the city, but the boat was
scrubbed and left for Fort Smith. On the trip another crew member died. (25)
The death of Capt. David Miller, aged 37, caused the dissolution of Montgomery, Kelly and Company. (26)
The Arkansas Advocate of August 21, 1833, contained this ad: (27)
The Co-partnership existing under the firm of Montgomery, Kelly, and Co., was dissolved by mutual consent
of parties on the 20th of June. All persons indebted to the firm for merchandise, or the steamboats for
freight, will please be in readiness, as an Agent will call on them for a settlement, and payment is expected,
as the parties are determined to bring the business to a close.
The steamboats VOLANT and REINDEER, will be sold at Public Auction, on the 25th day of September, at
New Albany, Indiana. All interested parties will please attend.
William Montgomery Charles Kelly John Ringgold
Surviving partners of the late firm of Montgomery, Kelly and Co. August 5, 1833
Though in a state of dissolution, misfortune continued to befall Montgomery, Kelly and Company, for the
Arkansas Gazette of September 11, 1833, carried this paragraph concerning the steamboats VOLANT and REINDEER:
"We regret to learn that these boats were totally destroyed by fire, at New Albany, Indiana, on the 18th
ult. They were laid up at that place, preparatory to being sold to close the late firm Montgomery, Kelly, and
Company of this territory, and at the time of the disaster, were completely dismantled. The fire was communicated
from the chimney of the cook's room of the VOLANT which was lying alongside the REINDEER, and both boats were
soon enveloped in flames. Nothing, we understand, was saved except the engines. The insurance, we understand,
had expired, previous to the disaster." (28)
After the dissolution of Montgomery, Kelly and Company, and the burning of the steamboat VOLANT, Charles
Kelly once again left the river and returned to his home in Independence County. Except for occasional business
trips, he remained there until his death.
After Captain Kelly returned to Oil Trough, the family celebrated a gala event in their lives on February 3,
1834. On that memorable day, Charles Kelly gave his oldest step-daughter, Elizabeth Craig, in marriage to
Noadiah Marsh, of Jackson County. Ted Worley writes of the bridegroom: "N. Marsh maintained a warehouse at
Elizabeth town in Jackson County, and did a general commission, storage, and forwarding business, which depended
largely on keelboats. Marsh advertised his keelboat for forwarding goods to any point on White or Black rivers."
(29) Thus, Kelly's new son-in-law was also a river man and owner of a keelboat. Noadiah and Elizabeth Marsh
were living at Elizabeth at his death in 1851.
The cause of Charles Kelly's death is unknown, but he departed this life on May 28, 1834. The Arkansas
Gazette, on Tuesday, June 3, 1834, Page 3, reported his death very briefly, "Died--At his residence in Independence
County, on Wednesday last, Captain Charles Kelly, formerly sheriff, and for many years a respectable citizen of
that County." Such a short obituary for this extraordinary man seems almost sacrilegious. Surely a lifetime of
service rates more than a single line in a newspaper. Captain Kelly's body was brought to Batesville for
interment. From evidence presently, his date of death was obviously one year later than listed on his grave
marker in Oaklawn Cemetery.
With Kelly's demise came the dissolving of Kelly and Ringgold, which was quite extensively engaged in
business. This dissolution notice appeared in the Arkansas Advocate on June 13, 1834: (30)
"In consequence of the death of Charles Kelly, the co-partnership heretofore existing under the firm
of Kelly and Ringgold is dissolved. All persons having claims against this firm, and those that are owing
will please call on this subscriber, who is duly authorized to settle the business. John Ringgold
Surviving partner, Charles Kelly Deceased Batesville, May 30, 1834."
In the settlement to Charles Kelly's estate, John Ringgold listed the assets of the firm as: notes and
accounts due, $12,719.85; stock of goods on hand, $7,257.59; and cash on hand, $508.00. The total assets of
$20,475.44 indicate that the business was quite extensive and large for a town the size of Batesville in 1834.
For some unknown reason, Charles Kelly left no will, or at least none was ever found. It is strange
indeed that a man with as much business acumen, and one involved in so many commercial transactions, would
plan so ineffectively for the day of his death. In the absence of a will, it was Mary (Polly) Kelly's wish
that their good friend and business associate, John Ringgold, administer the estate.
This Administration Notice appeared in the Arkansas Advocate: (30)
"Letters of Administration having been granted me by the Clerk of Independence County Court, on the
estate of Charles Kelly, deceased, notice is hereby given to all persons interested, or having claims
against said estate to exhibit the same properly authenticated within 12 months, from the 3d day of June,
the day of granting said letters of administration, or they may be precluded from having any benefit of
said estate, and if such claims are not exhibited as aforesaid within five years from the date of said
letters of administration, they will be barred forever.
"All those indebted to said estate, are requested to make immediate payment.
John Ringgold, Administrator of Charles Kelly, deceased, Batesville, May 30, 1834
John Ringgold appeared in Probate Court on June 28, 1834, and filed bond in the amount of $30,000
to handle the estate. Signing the bond with him were Morgan Magness, Robert Bates, and Joseph Egner.
The document was witnessed by C. McArthur, J. Pentecost, and R. S. Carter.
After filing the bond, this affidavit was given by Ringgold:
"John Ringgold, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith that the within named Charles Kelly at the time
of his death left but one heir as he believes to wit: DeWitt Clinton Kelly and a widow named Polly Kelly
and that said child and widow are now residing in this county--and further saith that the said Charles
Kelly died without a will as far as he knows or believes--that he will well and truly administer all and
singular the goods and chattels, rights and credits of said deceased and pay his debts as far as the
assets which may come to his hands will extend and the law direct, and that he will make a true and perfect
inventory of all the goods and chattels, rights and credits of the said Charles Kelly deceased and account
for and pay over according to Law all assets which shall come to his hands, possession or Knowledge--and
further saith that it is the desire of said widow that he now administers upon said estate and that she
hath renounced her right to do as in his favor."
The affidavit, signed by John Ringgold, was sworn and subscribed before C. H. Pelham on the 28 day of
June, 1834, and confirmed by Richard Peel.
Mary (Polly) Kelly, through her attorney, Townsend Dickinson, petitioned the Court for her dowry
rights of the estate, and on the first Monday in June 1835, acknowledged receipt of the same. The Court
Record reads, "Mary Kelly, the widow of Charles Kelly, by Dickinson, her attorney, acknowledges that she
received the following Negroes to wit: Lucy, Simon, Bryant, and Lucinda in full of her dower of the
slaves of her late husband Charles Kelly--and also the mansion house and farm thereto attached in the
Oil Trough Bottom, with a sufficient quantity of woodland adjoining to make three hundred acres in full
of the Dower to which she is entitled in the lands of said late husband Charles Kelly."
After receiving her dowry rights, Mary Kelly lived with her daughter, Emeline, and her young son
James DeWitt Clinton, in the mansion house in the Oil Trough bottom, but only for a short while. Less
than eight months later she joined her husband in death, and was buried beside him in Batesville.
Information on her grave stone in Oaklawn Cemetery shows that she died on February 1, 1836.
Mary Kelly's will, made the day before her death reads:
"I, Mary Kelly, on Independence County, Arkansas Territory, do make and ordain and publish my last
will and testament in the following manner (to wit) I wish, after my debts are paid, that my Estate,
both the real and personal property, be equally divided between my two daughters, Elizabeth C. Marsh
and Emeline Craig, after giving my son James D. Clinton, the horse known in the family by the name of Jim."
"I do appoint Noadiah Marsh my Executor for the faithful discharge of this office--it is my desire
that no security be desired of him."
Thus the happy family of Charles Kelly was being decimated. Of the original five members, only
Emeline Craig, his step-daughter, now aged twenty, and his young son, James DeWitt Clinton, were left
in the mansion house. Whether they remained there is unknown, but Emeline married Edwin R. McGuire on
November 8, 1838.
The court had previously appointed Joseph H. Egner as legal guardian of young James DeWitt Clinton,
providing money from his father's estate for his care. Since he inherited the bulk of Charles Kelly's
wealth, he was financially secure.
With whom young Kelly lived is not clear, but receipts from his estate show that he lived in
Batesville and went to the Batesville Academy. He probably boarded with a guardian, or with A. W. Lyon,
who ran the institution. After leaving Batesville, he went to Washington City (D. C.), where he lived
with W. Noland and attended school. Photocopies of receipts signed by A. W. Lyon, C. F. M. Noland, and
W. Noland are herein reproduced. Fate decreed that young Kelly would never reach his majority to fully
enjoy the handsome inheritance from his father. He died on October 1, 1844, aged 17 years 8 months, and
was buried beside his parents in Batesville. Edwin R. McGuire, husband of his stepsister Emeline Craig,
was appointed to administer his estate.
In his affidavit to the court, McGuire swore that James DeWitt Clinton Kelly died without making a
will, leaving an estate which amounted to about $10,000. But court records reveal that the total estate
amounted to $14,202.37, considerably above the estimate. Included therein were thirteen slaves, 495
acres of farm land, and six town lots. Since the two stepdaughters received the holdings of Charles
Kelly's wife and son, they came into possession of all his estate. The property inherited by Emeline
Craig, aided materially in the establishment of her husband, Edwin R. McGuire, as a large land owner in
the Oil Trough bottom.
The division of young Kelly's estate unfortunately did not end the struggle for the remnants of the
small fortune amassed by Charles Kelly. In 1850, heirs purporting to be blood relatives of his, filed
suit against Edwin R. McGuire and his wife, Noadiah Marsh and wife, Joseph Egner, John Ringgold, and
others. Among the alleged heirs were a Miles Kelly and a William Eikelburner. The latter names will
be mentioned several times in the following paragraphs, and since all depositions were hand written
and difficult to read, the name could also be Eikelbenner, or Eikelbunner, or Eikelbrenner.
It is not the purpose of this study to delve into the complexities of the court actions following
Charles Kelly's death, but to refer to them only as a source of information about him and his family.
Retrogression is hereby made to the 1820's for information which tends to establish the identity of
Charles Kelly's sister and her family.
By deposition, C. F. M. Noland testified, "I knew Mrs. Eikelburner, and her daughter, who married
a man named McKee. I do not recollect their first names. Mr. McKee was a shoemaker. They came out here
sometime in the year 1827, or 1828, from Chillicothe, Ohio, as I understood from McKee. Charles Kelly
spoke of Mrs. Eikelburner as his sister, and Mrs. McKee as his niece, and treated them as such. He was
very kind and assisted them. McKee lived in a white house between Charles' home and the store in the
town part of Batesville. I recollect Mrs. McKee being down at Charles Kelly's farm in the Oil Trough
bottom in 1829 or 1830, or it may have been in 1828." (1)
<page 37> John Ruddell testified about the same of Mrs. Eikelburner and the McKees, except that he
thought Mrs. Eikelburner's first name was Mary, and McKee's was Jesse. (7) Robert Bates also believed
McKee's first name was Jesse. (3)
The most information about the sisters is contributed by Charles H. Pelham, who states, "In or about
the year 1827, there was a Mrs. Eikerburner came out of Ohio, and stayed with Charles Kelly, while he
lived in Batesville. She had a daughter married to a man named McKee, who was a shoemaker by trade.
I think there were two daughters and one son not grown . . . Charles Kelly recognized her as his sister
and treated her as such. I understand from him that she was his only sister. They came out here in the
spring of the year, and stayed until fall, when Eikelburner, the husband of Mrs. Eikelburner, came out
and the whole family, including McKee went with him. Charles Kelly wanted them to remain and live in
this country. (5)
"In the later part of the winter of the year 1834, just before Christmas, I was at Mrs. Eikelburner's
house in Naples, Illinois, and saw the family, and they were the same persons whom I have before spoken of
and had known in Batesville. Mrs. Eikelburner's husband was then dead. Mrs. McKee was living. I saw two
of her daughters (including Mrs. McKee) and one son there at Naples. I think Mrs. Eikelburner told me that
she had lost two children since she had been out to Arkansas."
Col. Pelham further stated, "I was in St. Louis chartering a boat to convey some goods around here, and
the boat had to go up to Beardstown and I went up on her. At Naples, I fell in with McKee, who had lived here.
He took me to Mrs. Eikelburner's house, and I staid there some two or three hours." (5)
Concerning other relatives, John Ruddell remembered an old man, whom Charles Kelly called "Uncle," being
in Batesville but did not remember his name. (7) Charles Pelham also spoke of a "drinking old fellow" who
was recognized as an uncle of Captain Kelly, coming from Clark County, Kentucky, and Robert Bates remembered
a drinking uncle of Charles', whom he thought was Beall Kelly. (5)
Among those shown as family heads in the 1790 United States Census for Fayette County, Kentucky Territory,
were Joseph Kelly, Beal Kelly, John Kelly, and William Kelly. The particular area in which the five Kellys
lived was separated from Fayette County in 1792 and named Clark County. Previous testimony has established
that Joseph and Beal Kelly were uncles of Charles Kelly. Either William or John Kelly may have been his father,
and the other an uncle, or his father could have been dead and both were uncles. Perhaps further research will
reveal the exact relationship of the parties involved.
In concluding this study, the following bits of information concerning the families of Charles Kelly's
step-daughters are presented.
According to his tombstone, Noadiah Marsh, husband of Elizabeth Craig Marsh, died at Elizabeth, Jackson
County, Arkansas, on November 6, 1851, at the age of 55 years. His remains rest in the Kelly burial plot in
Oaklawn Cemetery, As far as can be determined, no children resulted from this marriage.
After her first husband's death, Elizabeth C. Marsh married Artrides Crow, who was only 37 years of age
at the time of his death on August 6, 1857. He, too, was laid to rest in the Kelly family burial plot. Again,
no record of issue could be found. At her death, Elizabeth Craig Marsh Crow willed most of her property to the
issue of her brother-in-law, Edwin R. McGuire, after stipulating that the rentals and income from the major
part of her estate be given to his use, if needed. The date of her death, as listed on her headstone in the
Kelly family plot, is May 2, 1880.
Edwin R. and Emeline Craig McGuire were blessed with four children during their long, successful marriage.
The oldest, James Clinton McGuire, thought named after his mother's step-brother James DeWitt Clinton Kelly, was
born October 17, 1839, and became a prominent and successful farmer in Independence County. He died on December 29,
1911, when 72 years old. (29) Other children born to this couple were Mary E. McGuire, born October 13, 1841, and
died August 20, 1862; Cordelia L. McGuire, born April 23, 1846, and died August 28, 1863; and William E. McGuire. (31)
Emeline Craig McGuire died March 28, 1878. Edwin R. and Emeline are interred near the rest of the family in Oaklawn
With the passing of the two step-daughters of Charles Kelly, the last members of a truly outstanding pioneer
family of Independence County were laid to rest. Though history has passed them by, and they sleep unheralded, they
deserve their niche in this area. This is only conjecture, but. perhaps if James DeWitt Clinton Kelly had lived to
fully record the exploits of his father, the name Charles Kelly would be stamped prominently in Arkansas Territorial
history, where it rightfully belongs!
Note: All references to the administration of the estates of Charles, Mary, and James DeWitt Clinton Kelly were taken
from court records at the Independence County Courthouse, Batesville, Arkansas. All references to wills were taken
from Will Books at the same place.
The assistance of Clyde Stewart, county clerk, and Dallas Hughes, circuit clerk, of Independence County, and
Miss Oza Baker, abstracter for the Independence County Abstract Company, is gratefully acknowledged. Their kind
cooperation made this study possible.
It will be noted that there are variations in the spelling of some names resulting from use of names as found in
Certificate of Jesse Searcy pertaining to the depositions of prominent Independence County pioneers is reproduced
on back cover.
1. Sworn Deposition by Charles Fenton Mercer Noland to Jesse Searcy, Justice of Peace, Independence County, Arkansas,
September 7, 1850.
2. Arkansas State Gazette and Democrat, Little Rock, Arkansas, May 9, 1857, page 2.
3. Sworn Deposition by Robert Bates to Jesse Searcy, Justice of Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 9, 1850.
4. Sworn Deposition by John L. Lafferty to Jesse Searcy, Justice of Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 9, 1850.
5. Sworn Deposition by Charles H. Pelham to Jesse Searcy, Justice of Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 10, 1850.
6. Shinn, Josiah H., Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas, Democrat Printing and Lithographing Co., Little Rock, Arkansas, page 293.
7. Sworn Deposition by John Ruddell to Jesse Searcy, Justice of Peace, Independence County, Arkansas, September 6, 1850.
8. History of Southeast Missouri, Goodspeed Publishing Company, pages 272-274, 488-485. [sic]
9. History of Lawrence, Jackson, Independence, and Stone Counties, Arkansas, Stockard, S. W., Arkansas Democrat Co.,
Little Rock, Arkansas.
10. Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Arkansas, March 10, 1821, page 3.
11. Batesville Guard, Batesville, Arkansas, March 8, 1941, page 3.
12. Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Arkansas, May 5, 1821, page 4.
13. Ibid. 12, January 27, 1824, page 3.
14. Ibid. 12, October 17, 1831, page 3.
15. Ibid. 12, March 5, 1822, page 4.
16. Sworn Deposition by Charles Kelly to Thomas Curran, Circuit Court Clerk, Independence County,
Arkansas Territory, November 28, 1825.
17. Territorial Papers of the Unites States, Volume XIX, Arkansas Territory, 1819-1825, pages 25, 26.
18. Independence County Chronicle, Volume VIII, Number 4, page 30.
19. Arkansas State Gazette and Democrat, Little Rock, Arkansas, November 28, 1857, page 3.
20. Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Arkansas, October 26, 1831, page 3.
21. Arkansas Advocate, Little Rock, Arkansas, May 23, 1832, page 3.
22. Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Arkansas, September 26, 1832, page 3.
23. Ibid. 22, October 17, 1832, page 3.
24, Ibid. 22, December 5, 1832, page 3
25. Ibid. 22, June 26, 1833, page 3.
26. Ibid. 22, July 3, 1833, page 3
27. Arkansas Advocate, Little Rock, Arkansas, August 21, 1833, page 3.
28. Arkansas Gazette, Little Rock, Arkansas, September 11, 1833, page 3.
29. Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Volume VIII, page 141.
30. Arkansas Advocate, Little Rock, Arkansas, June 13, 1834, page 3.
31. Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeast Arkansas, Goodspeed Publishing Co., page 690.
James Clinton McGuire
born October 17, 1839
died December 29, 1911
married December 26, 1871 (Book C, page 575, Independence County, Arkansas)
to Martha F. "Mattie" Erwin
born September 10, 1852
died February 8, 1916
1. Edwin Ruthvin McGuire born 1872 died 1930
married 1912 to Selma Aeby
a. Edwin Ruthvin McGuire, Jr.
married ________________ (no children)
b. Marion Evelyn McGuire (died in infancy)
2. Elizabeth Ewing McGuire born 1878 died 1947
married 1900 to W. D. Gray
a. Martha Gray born 1902 died 1947
married __ to John B. Daffin
They had one son John B. Daffin, Jr. - married - no children
b. Eleanor Gray born 1905 died 1991 never married
c. James Clinton Gray born 1906 died 1957 never married
d. Sybil Gray born 1908 died 1909
3. Lollie McGuire born 1882 died 1887
Liz Burns Glenn
November 30, 2008