The Richard Holderby Family of Independence County, Arkansas


Richard Holderby

	born August 29, 1799, died February 23, 1842 Independence County, Arkansas
 	married about 1824 to 
	Martha "Patsy" Magness
	born November 20, 1808, died about 1847  Independence County, AR

After Richard Holderby died, Patsy Holderby married Ephraim Price about 1843.  They had a child Sarah Price.

  1. Elizabeth Holderby born September 20,1826, died about 1846
  2. Morgan Magness Holderby born October 28, 1827, died about 1865?
  3. Perry Green Holderby born May 3, 1829, died Dec. 26, 1858
  4. Mary Aldrine Holderby born October 22, 1832, died January 20, 1897
  5. Nancy Holderby born October 25, 1833, died about 1847?
  6. David Holderby born June 25, 1835, died about 1865?
  7. Henry Clay Holderby born January 11, 1837, died November 19, 1872
  8. Eliza Holderby born November 30, 1839, died October 1, 1920
  9. Richard Ansker Holderby born March 6, 1841, died about 1874
Obituary for Richard Holderby, Sr.
The Batesville News, Vol. IV, No. 34, page 3
March 3, 1842

Died at his residence in Big Bottom, on the evening of the 23d instant,
after a short illness, Richard Holderby, Esq., in the 43d year of his 
life, leaving an afflicted wife and nine children, to mourn their
irreparable loss.  Mr. Holderby was one amongst our oldest settlers and
engaged in the highest degree the confidence and affection of a numerous
acquaintance.  In his death, the community at large have lost an honest 
and useful man; and the afflicted and unfortunate, a benevolent, sympathizing,
and assisting friend.  But if his death be a loss to his friends and neighbors,
who can describe that of a disconsolate wife and children?  May a wise, just,
and inscrutable Providence, through whose immutable commands they have been
deprived of an affectionate husband and father, comfort and sustain them
through all the affliction and difficulties in which they may be placed.

Please contact Liz Burns Glenn for more information.

This is everything I have.    

The Holderbys of Arkansas

	Holderbys in other states
	1.  Virginia
		(a)  32  v  71  (Valentine Papers?)
			King William County, Virginia
			1704 Quit Rent Rolls
			William Holderbee
		(b)  35  v  42  (Valentine Papers?)
			Stratton Major Parish,
			King and Queen County, Virginia
			December 11, 1767
Church pews were purchased by John Holderby, Sr. and his wife, and by John Holderby, Jr. and his wife.
		(c)  Valentine Papers, page 1660
			Henrico County, VA  July 7, 1766
			William Winston  vs.  Joseph Holderby and Richard Timberlake (in debt)
		(c)  35  v  47
			John Holderby
		(d)   2  v  366
			William Holderby
		(e)  Revolutionary War
			William Holderby and his son Robert Holderby
		(f)  Middlesex County, Virginia
			April 17, 1783
			John Holderby married Ann Jordan
		(g)  James Drummer Holderby was born in 1808 in Brunswich Co., VA
			(Becky Harris Wilson, 5300 Woodson, Mission, KS  66202-1927)
		(i)  1820 Virginia census  -  James Holderby    Cabell Co., VA
 		(j)   1920 Virginia Soundex:  (sent by Jean Miles, 1010 Via Amorosa, Arnold, MD  21012)
			Clarksville, Mecklenburg County, Virginia
			Holderby, Andrew R.		born Alabama		age 51		
				Carrie        (wife)	born VA		age 48
			 	Alice Nelson	(sister-in-law)			age 41
				William Nelson   (nephew)			age 4/12
			Newport News, Virginia  (Volume 40, ED 117, sheet 5, line 13)
			Holderby, Joseph M.		born NC		age 61
				Susan L.		born NC		age 63
				Frederick	(son)	born NC		age 31
				Ira L.		(son)	born NC		age 28
				Mommia  (daughter-in law)  born VA		age 34
			Vol. 50, ED 39, sheet 4, line 51
			(Raymond Nance household)
				Minnie N. Holderby	born NC		age 20

	2.  Kentucky
		(a)  Frankfort, Kentucky  September 1829
			John A. Holderby married Miss Sarah Ann Hardin, daughter of General William Hardin.
	Kentucky Marriages 1797-1865 by Glenn Clift, page 57.  (976.9)
	3.  Indiana
		(a)  In the 1920 Jackson County, Arkansas census, Eliza Holderby Guynn gave her father's (Richard Holderby, b. 1800) 
birthplace as Indiana.  This may or may not be accurate.  Indiana was part of the Northwest Territory, became Indiana Territory, and 
became a state in 1816.
	4.  Missouri
		(a)  Democrat-News, Fredericktown, Missouri, Thursday, February 13, 1930
		      (from the "Correspondent and St. Genevieve Record" of May 2, 1821)

This is a reprint of the proceedings of the Circuit Court of Madison County, Missouri against John Duncan who murdered 
Mr. and Mrs. Jacky B. Stephens and two of their children on Dec. 13, 1820.  Duncan confessed to the crime in the courtroom.  
"The undersigned were near the prisoner and do acknowledge the above to be his statements."  One of the ten who signed was 
Richard Holderby.

Early Missouri Ancestors, Vol. 2: From Newspapers, 1823-1832 by Lois Stanley

	 5.  Tennessee
		1810 Wilson County, Tennessee
		Charles Holderby

	Holderbys in Arkansas
	1.  Laurence County
		(a) Lawrence County, Arkansas:  Deed Book B, 1817-1825
		by Marion Stark Craig, 1990
		page 5-6.
	      44, 45.  10 Oct. 1818.  John (X) Holetree and William Clary bind themselves in the 	  	sum of $320.00 to provide Moses Graham a title to 160 A when the patent to such is issued by the General Land Office, based upon Military Bounty Warrant #3289, dated 21 	March 1816.   Ack'd 10 Oct. 1818 by John Holetree and William Clary before James 	Garner, JP.  Rec'd 3 Nov. 1818.
		(b)  Arkansas Military Bounty Grants (War of 1812) by Katheren (Mrs. Paul) 			Christensen (1971)
		page 27
		John Holobry   #25645	1824	Craighead County
	2.  Randolph County
		(a)  Goodspeed's History of Arkansas by Goodspeed, Chapter XIX, page 364

Pioneer settlers of any community are deserving of more than ordinary mention for the important part they occupied in its earliest development.  The first settler of the territory embraced within Randolph County was John Janes, a survivor of the Revolutionary War, who was wounded in the battle of Yorktown, and who, about the year 1800, emigrated from Virginia to Missouri, and thence, in 1809, to this county, locating on Janes Creek on the farm now owned by William Bridges.  Other very early comers to this creek were the Rickmans, Bakers, and Davises.  On the other streams the first settlers were as follows:  On Spring River, James Campbell, on the farm now owned by John Miller, Sr.; the Stubblefields and Loneys, on Eleven Point River; Samuel McElroy, who was a hatter by trade and supplied the country for fifty miles around; Edward Mattix, Robert M. Revvel and Thomas Holderby.  

		(b) From Robert L. Holderby
			4244 S. Scenic Drive
			Springfield, MO  65807

Thomas Holderby was born ___________ in North Carolina, married Margaret Hyde ? , died November 21, 1843 in Randolph County, Arkansas.  The executors of his will were James and Rutha Holderby (married         ).  Thomas Holderby's will lists the following ten heirs:
	William S. Holderby (b. 1819 Missouri Territory)
	Rizen Davis Holderby (b. 1821 Randolph Co., AR)
	Mary Holderby (b. 1823 Randolph Co., AR)
	Hannah Holderby (b. 1825 Randolph Co., AR)
	Elizabeth Holderby (b. 1827 Randolph Co., AR)
	Robert Smith Holderby (b. September 5, 1832 Randolph Co., AR)
	James Monroe Holderby (b. 1835 Randolph Co., AR)	
	Caroline Holderby (b. 1837 Randolph Co., AR)
	Margaret Holderby (b. 1840 Randolph Co., AR)
	Thomas J. Holderby (b. October 1843 Randolph Co., AR)

	3.  Independence County
		(a)  Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas by Josiah Shinn, page 161

Eli Lindsey began preaching on Strawberry in 1814 and his circuit ran from Little Red River north to what is now Missouri.  He was a Methodist, and he had his own methods.  Colonel Morgan Magness states that the visits of Eli to Oil Trough Bottom were irregular; that he attended all the house raisings, log rollings, quiltings, marriages and frolics.  He would encourage the young people to dance and after they were through would preach to them.  At the end of the year 1815 he reported ninety-five members in his circuit.  In 1816 he visited the spot where Batesville now stands and found a man named Reed in possession of a new house he had just finished for a store.  Lindsey asked the privilege to christen it, which was granted.  He sent out to Miller's creek, to Lafferty's creek, to Greenbrier, and all around, and notified the folks to come out.  They came with their guns, and a fine old crowd it was.  Colonel Miller and his boys, Colonel Peel and sons, the widow Lafferty and sons, Major Robert Magness and his army of boys, the Craigs, Ruddells, Trammels, Beans, Gillets, Holabys, Trimbles, and Kelleys were all there with their guns stacked around the walls.  Old Eli began his sermon and in a short time the dogs started a bear.  Old Eli said:  "The service is adjourned in order that the men may kill that bear."  They rolled out with alacrity, mounted their horses, pursued Bruin and killed him.  They then went back to the new house, where Eli "thanked God for men who knew how to shoot and for women who knew how to pray," and finished his sermon.	

   I.  Richard Holderby	born 1800 Indiana, died February 23, 1842 Arkansas
	A.  Land records
		1.  June 22, 1822 - Independence County, Arkansas  (Deed Book A, page 87-88)
		     Richard Holaby purchased 160 acres in Section 12, T9N, R6W
		     This land is now in White County near Velvet Ridge.

This Indenture made and entered into this twenty-second day of June Eighteen hundred and twenty-two between Peter G. Oliver of the county of Wood and State of Ohio, of the one part, and Richard Holaby of the county of Independence and Territory of Arkansas of the other part, Witnesseth, That the said Peter G. Oliver for and in consideration of the sum of Forty Dollars to him in hand paid, the receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge, hath, granted bargained and sold, and doth by these presents, grant, bargain, sell and confirm unto the said Richard Holaby, his heirs and assigns forever the following tract or parcel of land containing one hundred sixty acres, being the North West Quarter of Section Twelve of Township Nine North in Range Six West in the tract appropriated by the act of Congress passed on and since the Sixth day of May Eighteen hundred and twelve, for Military bounties in the Territory of Arkansas, To have and to hold the aforesaid one hundred and sixty acres of Land, as aforesaid, to him the said Richard Holaby, and his heirs and assigns forever, And the said Peter G. Oliver doth by these presents warrant and forever defend the aforesaid Quarter section of land free from the claim or claims of him and his heirs and assigns and from the claim or claims of all and every person or persons whatsoever.
	In testimony whereof the said Peter G. Oliver hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal at Batesville in the Territory of Arkansas the day and date above written.
	Signed Sealed and				Peter G. Oliver (Seal)
	acknowledged in the 
	Presence of
	Richard Searcy
	John Trimble
			Territory of Arkansas
			County of Independence
				Personally appeared before me Thomas Curran Clerk of the circuit court for the county aforesaid in the first Judicial district, Peter G. Oliver, who acknowledged the above signature to be his act and deed for the purposes therein mentioned and contained.  Given under my hand and the seal of the county this 21st day of June A.D. 1822.
							Thomas Curran Clk.
			Recorded June 25th 1822
					Thomas Curran Clerk
					Exofficio Recorder

		2.  1839
			a.  80 acres
				SW 1/4 of SW 1/4, section 16, T13N, R8W
				?? Check reference
			b.  40 acres
				SW 1/4, SE 1/4, section   , T13N, R9W
			This land was purchased from Henry C. Dye along with two "Negroes", 
			David age 15 and Furry (?) age 8

		3.  June 1839, Circuit Court, Judgement Docket A
			page 86-87  State of Arkansas  vs.  Richard Holderby
			Judgement against defendant, $1.00 fine.
			Same thing on page 87, see page 180.

		4.  June 1, 1840
			a.  320 acres
				W1/2, section 24, T13N, R5W
			This land was purchased from Henry C. Dye along with household goods
			and livestock (this land is due east of Sulphur Rock).
		5.  1840
			a. ____, ____, section 18, T12N, R4W
			This land is south of Newark.
		6.  May 28, 1841
			a.  153.36 acres
				NE 1/4, section 20, T13N, R6W
				SE part, SE 1/4, section 17, T13N, R6W				
			This land was purchased from J. E. Pelham.  It was described as "the Big Island
			opposite the town of Batesville".
		7.  1848
			a.  section 18, T12N, R4W
		8.  1855 - Richard Holderby heirs
			a.  NW 1/4, NE 1/4, section 17, T12N, R4W	40 acres
			b.  NE 1/4, NW 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W	75.32 acres
			c.  S 1/2, NW 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W	63.30 acres
			d.  S 1/2, NE 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W	26.46 acres
			e.  SW 1/4, SW 1/4, section 3, T12N, R4W	42.36 acres
							(Total:		247.44 acres)
		This land is south of Newark.
Last name            First name   Init County      Sec Twp Rng  Acres  ---Date--- Warrant Name and/or Remarks
HOLDERBY             MORGAN          M Independence 31 14N  4W  93.19  1860/07/02 
HOLDERBY             PERRY           G Independence 17 12N  4W    80   1855/06/15 
HOLDERBY             RICHARD           Independence 17 12N  4W    40   1838/08/16 
HOLDERBY             RICHARD           Independence 18 12N  4W  46.05  1838/08/16 
HOLDERBY             RICHARD           Independence 18 12N  4W  63.03  1838/08/16                                  IN THE ISLAND
HOLDERBY             RICHARD           Independence 18 12N  4W  75.32  1830/11/10 
HOLDERBY             RICHARD           Independence 3  12N  5W  42.36  1848/06/10 
HOLDERBY             ROBERT          S Yell         14  5N 20W    40   1860/05/01 
HOLDERBY             THOMAS            Randolph     27 19N  1W  86.47  1842/11/17 
HOLDERBY             THOMAS          J Franklin     25  9N 29W       0 1882/06/10 
HOLDERBY             THOMAS          J Franklin     25  9N 29W      80 1882/06/10 

	B.  Tax records

  	C.  Newspaper records
		1.  Arkansas Gazette, July 1822

See also Independence County Historical Society Chronicle
Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas by Josiah Shinn, page 161 recounts the toast of Richard Holaby to Territorial Governor James Miller.  ("I'll try sir."  at Lundy's Lane)

		2.  Arkansas Gazette, July 1823, page 2
See Chronicle, April 1970, page 4-5
Richard Holaby gave this toast:  "Our next President - Henry Clay, the choice of the West."

		3.  Batesville News, 1840	(see also Oct. 1980 Chronicle, p. 27)
			Democratic meeting in Independence County:
		p. 30  "Show us an old federalist, and we will show you a Harrison man.
			Show us an abolitionist, and we will show you a Harrison man."

		Batesville News, May 7, 1840:
			Van Buren candidate:  "My good sir, it is not worth your while
			to run.  I will beat you easily - I will beat you to h_ll."
			Whig candidate:  "That is very probable.  I am not running
			that way."

		Richard Holderby was part of the Whig convention who supported William Henry 
		Harrison (Tippecanoe and Tyler, too) for President of the United States (against
		Martin Van Buren.  See Batesville News:  (1) Thursday, June 4, 1840,
		(2) Thursday, June 11, 1840,  (3) Thursday, June 25, 1840.
		Richard Holderby was a  resident of White River Township.

		4.  Batesville News, January 7, 1841
			Letters - letter for Thomas Holderby

		5.  Batesville News, March 3, 1842

Obituary for Richard Holderby, Sr.
The Batesville News, Vol. IV, No. 34, page 3
March 3, 1842

Died at his residence in Big Bottom, on the evening of the 23rd instant, after a short illness, Richard Holderby, Esq., in the 43rd year of his life, leaving an afflicted wife and nine children, to mourn their irreparable loss.  Mr. Holderby was one amongst our oldest settlers and engaged in the highest degree the confidence and affection of a numerous acquaintance.  In his death, the community at large have lost an honest and useful man;  and the afflicted and unfortunate, a benevolent, sympathizing, and assisting friend.  But if his death be a loss to his friends and neighbors, who can describe that of a disconsolate wife and children?  May a wise, just, and inscrutable Providence, through whose immutable commands they have been deprived of an affectionate husband and father, comfort and sustain them through all the affliction and difficulties in which they may be placed.

[Obituary was probably written by William French Denton, editor of the paper.]

	D.  County records
		1.  Apprentice  February 3, 1827  (Book A, p. 457-458)

This Indenture made this 3rd day of February 1827 between John Redman special Guardian for Samuel Bailey of the one part and Richard Holderby of the other part.  Witnesseth that under and by the direction of the circuit court of Independence County the said John Redman was directed to bind said Samuel Bailey to the said Richard Holderby until he the said Samuel Bailey should arrive at the age of twenty-one years to learn the art and mystery of labourer and now by virtue of said authority the said John Redman Special Guardian as aforesaid doth bind and by these presents do bind unto the said Richard Holderby the said Samuel Bailey until he shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years to learn the art and mystery of labourer as aforesaid and the said Richard  Holderby doth hereby bind and oblige himself to clothe and feed him the said Samuel in good and comfortable clothing and lodging as also wholesome and good diet during the said apprenticeship of him the said Samuel and the said Holderby also is to treat him the said Samuel in a humane and like manner also said Holderby binds himself to educate him the said Samuel or have it done so as to enable him to cypher to the single rule of three also at the end of said Samuel's apprenticeship said Holderby binds himself to give him one good suit of homemade waring [sic] apparel and one horse worth fifty dollars with a second rate saddle and bridle.  In witness, whereof, we have here unto set our hands, seals the date above.
						John Redman (Seal)
						Richard Holderby (Seal)
Filed and Recorded June 28th A.D. 1827

						John Redman, Clerk
						and Exofficio Recorder
		2.  Constable - Overseer of the road 
			 Independence County, Arkansas  
			County Court Record 1830-1838, page 227

	Richard Holderby, Constable of Black River Township, this day appeared in open court and was duly qualified and entered into bond which was approved of by the court.
	Ordered by the Court that Richard Holderby be and is hereby appointed overseer of the road leading from Batesville to the Big Bottom to commence from the line dividing Black River and Ruddell Townships to Magness's old place in the Big Bottom and William Arnold, Esq. to apportion the hands.

		3.  Collected money from the estate of Charles Kelly
I have in my possession a voucher which was recorder during the July 1835 term of court which allowed John Ringgold, administer of the Charles Kelly estate, to pay Richard Holderby $13.85.  "I certify the above to be the amount of a judgement as appears on Record in favor of said Richard Holaby.  William Moore, Clerk."  On the back of the paper, "Received of John Ringgold administrator of C. Kelly Deceased the full amount of the ______ claim being thirteen dollars and 85 cents.  July 5, 1835.             (Signed)  Richard Holderby"

An inventory of the property of the estate of R. Hoderby [sic] deceased, appraised on 20th May 1842 by William Henderson, Wm. Hargess, P. C. Beane.
     Now on this 20 day of May 1842 the appraisors being chosen to wit William Henderson, and Pleasant C. Bean and William Hargess appeared and being duly sworn before they enterin upon their dutyes as the law direct taken and certifys before me this 20 day of May 1842.
			John Owen, J. P.

36 head of cattle					216.00
14 head of sheep					  31.50
73 head head of hogs					119.50
one cow and calf					12.00
one bay horse						45.00
1 chestnut sorrel mare and colt and bit			35.00
1 sorrel horse 3 years old				40.00
1 bay mare colt and bit					50.00
1 gray horse						55.00
1 black year old colt					25.00
1 rone colt one year old					15.00
1 bay mare year old colt					25.00
1 bay mare 6 years old					45.00
1 waggon						75.00
1 yoke of cattle						40.00
11 shoats						 5.00
14 head of 2 year old hogs				42.00
22 head of stock hogs					26.00
1 wheat fan						20.00
1 stable horse 5 years old				150.00
1 box of carpenter tools					25.00
1 dirk and 2 Buy knives					10.00
3 guns							20.00
2 saddles and saddle bags				35.00
1 red steer six years old					10.00
9 head head of hogs					13.50
2 tennant saws						  2.50
1 six and bridle (?)					  3.00

This day signed and 				William Henderson
acknowledged before me.			William Hargess
John Owen, J. P.				P. C. Bean

An inventory of the sales of the  property belonging to the estate of Richard Holderby deceased sold upon the 20 day of May 1842 taken by H. C. Dye, clerk of the sale.

Property				Purchasers				Value
Lots of tools				D. J. Chapman				15.00
Brace & Bit				Peter Engles				30.00
Old saddle				Steph. Tucker				  6.50
New saddle				Mrs. Martha Holderby			10.25
Saddle bags				same					   .50
Rifle gun and Shot Pouch		same					 5.00
Shot gun				H. C. Dye				 3.00
Short rifle				I. Lawrence				 3.00
Cow and calf (pidey)			Mrs. Holderby				 5.00
White cow & calf			same					 5.00
Black cow with white face and calf	same					 5.00
Red cow				same					 4.00
Red & white cow			same					 4.00
Red cow & yearling			same					 5.00
Bob Tail heifer				same					 4.00
Seven steers				same					10.00
Black heifer yearling			same					  1.00
Spotted cow & calf (boys)		Morgan & Perry 			  1.00
Young pided cow and calf		D. J. Chapman				13.00
Fleck cow and calf			Wm. Meriwether			10.63
Big Hart				Perry G. Magness			7.50

Amount brought over							$121.38

Crumpley Horn				D. J. Chapman			 9.00
White 2 year old heifer			H. C. Dye			11.00
Heifer 2 year old			D. J. Chapman			 6.00
White & Black Heifer & Calf		same				12.50
one 2 year old Heifer			same				 3.50
one yearling heifer			same				 3.50
14 head of sheep			Mrs. Holderby			 5.00
wagon and oxen			same				40.00
61 head of hogs				same				25.00
wheat fan				same				10.00
28 head of hogs				same				25.00
18 hogs					Wm. Magness			25.00
16 hogs					Micajah Johnson		22.50
Bay Horse				Wm. Sharp			41.00
Whip colt				John Johnson			48.375
Madam Neigh and colt			H. R. Hynson			90.00
Black Colt				Mrs. Holderby			10.00
Roan colt				Perry Holderby			15.00
Large Bowie knife			A. Alexander			1.50
Little Bowie knife			A. Allen			2.00
John Redman (Stable horse)		I. Lawrence			77.00
9 head hogs (******)			Mrs. Holderby			 5.00
Stag Steer				H. Tomlinson			 7.50
Tenant saw				D. J. Chapman			 1.00
Small tenant saw			same				 2.375
Scythe and cradle			D. G. W. Magness		3.75
Long black cow and calf		Mrs. Holderby			5.00
Haut cow and calf			Taylor Garner			13.50

October 1978 Chronicle, p. 2-9

The Knife Bowie Made Near Batesville - 1833
                         by Craig Ogilvie

     A knife displayed in the Saunders Memorial Museum in Berryville, Arkansas, serves as evidence of an intriguing story linking the legendary James Bowie with Independence County.
     As every student of American history knows, the knife that made Jim Bowie famous was crafted by a blacksmith at Washington, Arkansas, in 1830.  However, according to information not so widely known, the adventurous Bowie traveled to near Batesville in 1833 and assisted his brother in making several knives to be used by the Texas Volunteer Army.  The knife in the Saunders Museum is believed to be one of those personally crafted by Colonel Bowie and given to Arkansas pioneer Thomas Todd Tunstall.
     Col. C. Burton "Buck" Saunders spent more than fifty years traveling the nation and world in search of treasures for his private collection.  A world champion marksman and gunenthusiast, Saunders assembled one of the finest firearms collections in the world, including some once owned by the Old West's most colorful characters.
     In 1940, Colonel Saunders purchased a knife from Williams Brothers Cutlery Shop in San Francisco.  The engraving on the blade proclaimed:  
	"Made and presented to his friend, Capt. Thos. Tunstall by Col. Bowie, White River, 
	Arkansas Ter., near Batesville,  --  1833."
     This alone was not enough proof of authenticity for Saunders, who was a qualified historian of such items.  But, Saunders was convinced when a yellowed diary was presented which detailed part of the knife's history.  Thus, the knife became part of the Saunders collection.  Today, it is displayed alongside of Buffalo Bill Cody's knife, which was used in hand-to-hand battle with Chief Yellow Hand.
     When Saunders died in 1952, at age 89, his famous collection became the property of the City of Berryville.  Under the terms of his will, a $150,000 museum was erected and opened in 1956.  The white marble used in part of the stately building came from Independence County.
     In 1958, Chronicle Editor, A. C. McGinnis noticed the Bowie-Tunstall knife while visiting the museum and inquired of the curator for more information.  He was shown a photostatic copy of a section of the Sheldon I. Kellogg diary which convinced Saunders that the knife was genuine.  McGinnis copied parts of it and later wrote an article in the September 9, 1958 edition of the Batesville Guard.  a few years later, McGinnis again visited the museum and inquired about the diary copy and was told that it was not in the museum.
     (This writer visited the museum June 16, 1978 to photograph the displays for a travel feature article.  Upon inquiring about the diary, former curator Bill Fitzpatrick was summoned from his nearby home to speak with me.  Mr. Fitzpatrick said that he had talked with several persons who knew about the Kellogg Diary, but it apparently disappeared prior to his tenure as curator.  He added that he was sure the diary copy existed at one time and that the knife was authentic.)
     To further his information about the knife, McGinnis interviewed E. W. "Watt" Tunstall of Newark, last surviving grandson of Thomas T. Tunstall, in 1958.  In the McGinnis interview and later with writer Ray Rains of Pangburn, Arkansas, Watt Tunstall said that his father had told of several visits by the Bowie brothers to the Tunstall farm.  He also recalled family stories of the knife Bowie made and gave to his grandfather.  The story handed down through the Tunstall generations compared very closely with the Kellogg Diary version McGinnis had read in Berryville.  Watt Tunstall is now deceased.
     To get a better understanding of the characters in this story, let us review each:
     JAMES BOWIE was born April 10, 1796 in Logan County, Kentucky, the son of Resin (pronounced "Reason") and Elvira Jones Bowie, both natives of Georgia.  A soldier in the American Revolution, Rezin was married in 1782 and their first six children, including John J., were born in Burke County, Georgia.  The Bowies moved to Tennessee and Rezin P. Bowie, named for his father, was born there September 8, 1793, just a few weeks before the family moved to Kentucky.  
     The elder Rezin and family moved to Louisiana about 1800, stopping in Catahoula Parish, then moving to Bayou Eeche, and later settling in Opelousas, where Rezin died in 1819.  Elvira and Rezin had ten children, but four died young.
     The three Bowie brothers mentioned were almost inseparable during their early manhood years.  John J., the eldest, was a good businessman.  Rezin P. was a political counselor and a dependable friend.  James was a natural leader and carried through on any project undertaken.  In 1818, the trio entered into an arrangement with Jean Lafitte whereby slaves were purchased from Lafitte, smuggled into the nation, turned over to the United States government for bounty, then repurchased by the Bowies for legal sale in the United States.  This business made $65,000 for the Bowies.  The brothers turned to land speculation and all three remained active in real estate trade most of their lives.
     James was an outdoorsman who loved hunting and adventurous trips into the unknown wilderness.  And, like all frontiersmen, he carried at least one knife at all times.  Bowie agreed with his contemporaries that the trusty blade was more dependable than an unreliable firearm in a life or death situation.  John J. Bowie wrote in later life that a blacksmith named Snowden crafted one of Jim's early knives and Rezin P., writing in the "Planters Advocate" August 1838, claimed that during the famous "Battle on Vidalia Sandbar" on September 19, 1827, near Natchez, Jim was carrying a knife that he (Rezin) had made.  Bowie killed a man with his knife that day after almost being killed himself.
     Jim owned a plantation on the west bank of the Mississippi, near Natchez in 1829, but continued his carefree ways.  He made several trips into Texas (Mexico Territory) during the mid- and late 1820's and on October 5, 1830, Bowie was granted special citizenship by the Mexican government on condition that he build a textile mill in Texas.  Bowie made the move and did establish the factory as required by the terms of citizenship
     In December 1830, James Bowie rode up the Chihuahua Trail to Washington, Arkansas Territory, and commissioned James Black to made a new knife for his use.  After placing the order he traveled on to visit his brother Rezin.  In January 1831, Bowie returned to Black's shop and picked up his knife.  Not far down the trail, Jim was attacked by three men, reportedly hired by Bowie's enemies in Natchez.  Bowie killed all three men with the new knife.  Word spread and the Bowie knife soon became part of American lore.
     James returned to Texas and on April 22, 1831, married Maria Ursula (god-daughter of General Santa Ana) of San Antonio de Bexar.  Marriage did not slow Jim's adventurous ways.  In November 1831, a party of silver prospectors led by Bowie was attacked by Indians 100 miles west of San Antonio and Jim was wounded during the battle.  In 1832, Bowie traveled to Washington, D.C. by stage.  The purpose of his trip is unclear but he was back in Texas in August of that year and led an attack on a small Mexican garrison as a prelude to the Texas War of Independence, which was to come.
     In 1833, Bowie's wife and children died of cholera while visiting her parents in Monclove.  During that year he again returned east to visit his brothers.  Rezin headquartered in Louisiana where he served three terms in the legislature.  John J. stayed in Arkansas, settling first in Chicot County, then moving to Helena aabout 1835, then back to Chicot County where he died on June 22, 1859.
     Both Rezin and John J. Bowie owned property in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas, including Independence County.  James, acting as his brother's agent, may have visited here on occasion.  Book C, Independence County and Land Records Index, lists Richard Searcy and William D. Ferguson as persons having power of attorney in land dealings for John J. Bowie in 1828-1829.  When James made his visit in 1833, John J. was living in Chicot County and may have been the brother who accompanied Jim, although Tunstall tradition holds that it was Rezin, who was known to have been a knife-maker.
     Jim spend much of 1834 "exploring" Texas and no doubt fanning the flames of independence.  On October 20, 1835, he again led a group of volunteers in repulsing Mexican forces two miles south of San Antonio and again on November 26, in what became known as the "Grass Fight" of San Antonio.  In December 1835, Bowie received his rank of colonel from General Sam Houston.  Two months later, the Alamo was under seige.
     During the construction a scaffold in the old adobe mission, Bowie fell to the ground, breaking his hip.  He was placed in a wooden box from the waist down to help brace his body.  While stretched out flat on his back, Bowie was among the last of some 187 volunteers to die during the fall of the Alamo on March 6, 1836.  His body was among those piled in the church plaza and burned.  Mexican accounts of the scene declare that Bowie's famous knife was hurled into the blazing fire.
     Captain Thomas Todd Tunstall was born in 1787 in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Jr. and Mildred Todd Tunstall.  Young Thomas moved with his parents to Kentucky in 1794 and became an apprentice cabinet maker.
     He served in Simrall's Division, Kentucky Dragoons, during the War of 1812 and later started his adventures in the lower Mississippi Valley.  When Tunstall made his first trip up the White River has been blurred by the passing of time.  Family tradition places his first visits prior to 1820 and some written histroies say Tunstall started his plantation aabout 1819.  However, the 1850 U.S. census notes that Capt. Tunstall's first child, William W., was born in 1819 in Indiana.  A daughter, Margaret, was born in 1822 in Illinois, and court records indicate the family was in Jefferson County, Illinois in 1825.
     It appears that Tunstall moved his growing family to Chicot County, Arkansas Territory about 1827.  His name appears on local tax rolls there between 1829-1833.  The 1830 census places the Tunstall home in Chicot County.  While this may have been his mailing address, Tunstall was roaming the river throughout the Mississippi Delta during this period.  No doubt, it was during this time that the Bowie-Tunstall friendship developed.  Tunstall also became acquainted with blacksmith James Black, who had a small shop at Bayou Sara in Louisiana.  (It is reported that Captain Tunstall provided free transportation aboard the steamer "Waverly" when Black decided to move his shop to Washington in January 1824.)
     Tunstall was pilot on Capt. Phillip Pennywit's "Waverly" when the vessel became the first steamboat to ascend the White River to Batesville in January, 1831.  He returned in 1833 as captain of his own paddlewheels, "The William Parsons," and founded the town of Jacksonport.  Captain Tunstall soon moved his home to Dota Creek in Independence County and became the first postmaster f Sulphur Rock on March 14, 1834.
     Hisstorian-writer Ray Rains, who has authored several papers on James Black, Jim Bowie, and Thomas Tunstall, says he has learned that when Black and his love, Anne Shaw, ran away from her father to be married, they came to the Tunstall farm where the ceremony was performed.
     Captain Tunstall led an exciting life.  He was a steamboat owner, sportsman, racehorse owner and promoter, and gentleman farmer.  He amassed and spent several fortunes.  During the Civil War, his fine home on Dota Creek was burned.  Tunstall moved to a house he owned on Paroquet Bluffs on Black River, east of Newark.  He died there of pneumonia on November 7, 1862, and was buried in Pleasant Hill Cemetery, near his old homestead east of the present site of Sulphur Rock.
     The knife Tunstall received from his friend, Jim Bowie, was not the one crafted by James Black.  That has never been the claim on the weapon.  There is considerable evidence that the Bowie brothers visited th Tunstall farm in 1833 and, working in the farm shop, made about 30 knives for use in Texas.
     Captain probably considered the gift a nice gesture, but apparently didn't realize its possible significance, because in November 1834, he gave the knife to a traveler who became ill on the Southwest Trail (Old Military Road), which passed by the Tunstall farm.
     Sheldon I. Kellogg was the traveler on his way to Cincinnati, Ohio.  Kellogg kept a diary of his journey and the long stay at the Tunstall home recovering from his illness.  He recorded that after he became well enough to travel, Tunstall gave him the knife because he had no weapon to carry on the trail.  Tunstall warned him of the dangers along the road and briefly detailed the short history of the knife he was receiving.  Kellogg noted that he was forced to take the land route because low water had brought river transportation to a near standstill.  He also mentioned that "the fever" was raging on the lower White and Arkansas rivers.  Kellogg resumed his journey by water from Cape Girardeau.
     The engraving on both sides of the knife blade was added years after Bowie died a hero's death at the Alamo and his fame swept the nation and around the world.  One indication of this is that the word "Col." appears, but Bowie was not given that title until two years after the gift to Tunstall.  On the reverse blade is engraved, "Sheldon I. Kellogg - from his friend Thomas Tunstall, Nov., 1834."  The styling of the blade engravings are similar and were probably made by the same artist.
     S. I. Kellogg, Jr. apparently received the knife from his father on June 28, 1886, as his initials and that date are inscribed on one hilt of the weapon.  The styling here is much different and was probably applied by another artist.  And, finally, Col. C. B. "Buck" Saunders had his initials and date of purchase, February 7, 1940, engraved on the other hilt.
     The knife is a little over eleven inches in length with a 1 1/4 inch wide blade that sweeps up gently to a point, which is sharp on both sides in the traditional Bowie knife style.  The handle is one piece of dark wood (species unknown) with a metl cap wrapping the end.  There appears to be little or no wear to the handle, which may  be a replacement of the original.  There is no thumb guard which experts agree was the case with most knives of the 1830's.  (It is interesting to note that Bowie's famous knife was similar in design but probably aabout 13 inches long.)
     After the fame of Jim Bowie spread, Jim Black received and filled hundreds of orders for knives "like Bowie's".  Soon the expression became "make me a Bowie knife," but the name also became a catch-all for many categories of knives.
     First, there was the original, as made by Black and accepted by Bowie as his favorite weapon.  (Some so-called Bowie knife historians believe James ordered one or two copies of the original from Black after seeing the fine workmanship, but this has not been proven.)
     Second, there were those knives made by Black from the same Bowie pattern for those wanting knives "like Bowie's."  Third, there were the Bowie knives made in the East and England or other countries and roughly patterned after the famous knife.  And, finally, there were and remain the versions which bear little or no resemblance to the Bowie, but use the name for publicity.
     There are many collectors around the world that are sure they have the original Bowie knife.  Col. Saunders never made that claim or that Bowie ever carried it into battle.  Saunders purchased the Bowie-Tunstall knife because it was a unique, one-of-a-kind item.  He was convinced that Jim Bowie made it and gave it to a friend in Independence County and records once owned by the museum and the family history handed down through the Tunstall generations give strong verification that the museum's claim is justified. 

Batesville Guard, September 9, 1958
Conversations with A. C. McGinnis and Ray Rains.
Articles appearing in Small Publications:  Spring 1958 and Summer 1978.
"Bowie Knife" by R. W. Thorp, University of New Mexico Press, 1948.
"Of Race Horses and Steamboats," by Duane Huddleston, Chronicle, January 1973.
Desha County Historical Society publication, Volume 1, No. 2, 1976.

	E.  Probate records	*
		1.  1829  
		Independence County, AR, Probate Book A, page ____
		Perry Green Magness (b. 1788, d. 1829)  Division of estate lists Richard 				Holderby and wife Patsy as heirs in the Perry G. Magness estate in 1834.
	"LA [letters of administration], Mary (Polly( Magness (widow) and Morgan
	Magness, July 1829.    G. W., Nancy, William M., Perry G, Betsey, John, and
	Robert P. H., heirs (Morgan Magness 1830).  Patsy Magness (wife of Richard
	Holderby), heir, 1830.

		See April 1963 Chronicle, p. 8 (by General Robert Neill):
		"David G. W. Magness, father of W. Tom Magness, now of Newark,
		was a nephew of Morgan Magness, and was also a leading man in his
		day, a member of the legislature of 1866-67.  Nancy Magness, a sister
		of D. G. W. Magness, married Newton Arnold, and was the mother of 
		ex-County Judge M. L. Arnold.  Another sister became the wife of Capt.
		Thomas T. Tunstall, a steamboat captain, planter and patron of the race
		course, who reared a large family of sons and daughters, one of whom is
		Mrs. James Archer of Mammoth Spring, and another of whom is ex-
		Sheriff D. P. Tunstall of Salem, Fulton County, Arkansas."
		2.  1842-1845
		Independence County Arkansas, Probate Book A - Richard Holderby
		pages 49, 125, 139, 151, 171, 192, 211, 227, 228, 229, 242, 364, 373
		Guardianship of Richard Holderby's heirs - pages 340, 478, 482
		3.  1845
		Independence County, AR, Probate Book A, page 115, August 1845
		Heirs of Richard Holderby:  Ephraim Price and wife Martha (widow of 
		Richard Holderby), Elizabeth, Morgan, Perry G., Mary, Nancy, David, Henry,
		Eliza (p. 130), and [Richard] Ansker Holderby.  
		4.  chA, p. 229, Indepen. Co., AR, May 1848  
		Mary Magness was the mother of Martha "Patsy" Magness Holderby.  After 
		Perry Green Magness died in 1829, Mary Magness married Peyton Tucker on March 14, 1833 
		(Book A, p. 26, Indep. Co., AR).  Martha "Patsy" Holderby
		married Ephraim Price in 1842 or 1843 (no record found - check Jackson Co.),
		had one child Sarah Price in 1843, and died between Aug. 1845-Jan. 1848.
		Mary Magness died February 8, 1848 and among her heirs are the heirs of
		Martha Holderby (Morgan M. Holderby, guardian).
		5.  Probate Book B -  Richard Holderby heirs
			pages 198, 218, 257, 343, 358, 448, 476, 484
		6.  Probate Book C - no references

Census records
1900 Arkansas

Franklin County, Arkansas	D. A. Holderby
Searcy County, Arkansas	William C. Holderby	born 1875 Missouri
* See Appendix A - Magness family  
II. Elizabeth Holderby b. 1825, d. 1846? A. Probate records 1. 1842 Richard Holderby heir 2. 1848 Martha Magness heir B. Marriage record Elizabeth Holderby (20) married Allen Hulsey (23) July 27, 1845 by Thomas M. Stephens (Independence County Marriage Records, Book B, page 6). Elizabeth died before 1847 (source?) Allen Hulsey (age 26) married Eliza Ann Adams (age 23) Nov. 10, 1847 (Independence County Marriage Records, Book B, page 44). Thomas E. Carter, an extensive property owner of Sulphur Rock, was born in Prince William County, Va., at the mouth of Bull Run, on the 3d of October, 1824, and is a son of James P. and Elizabeth (Davis) Carter, both of whom were also born in Prince William County, Va., the former's birth occurring on the 23d of May, 1785, and the latter's on the 23d of October, 1786. The father died in 1860, and his wife at the age of eighty-five years. They were married in their native county, and there resided until 1838, when they came to Arkansas and located in Independence County, where both spent the remainder of their days. Mr. Carter was a carpenter and house-joiner, at which he worked, in connection with farming, all his life. The farm on which he located on coming to Independence County is situated three miles northeast of Batesville, and is known, far and near, as the old [p.649] Carter place, and is noted for chalybeate springs located thereon. The paternal grandfather was born in England, and came to the United States before the Revolution, in which war he served on the side of the colonists. The maternal grandparents were William and Elizabeth Davis, and were extensive planters of Virginia. Mrs. Davis was a native of Scotland, and lived to be one hundred years old. When the Carter family first came to Arkansas, Independence County was very thinly populated, and the farm on which they settled was an immense canebrake. Schools and churches were very few and far between, but our subject, Thomas E., acquired a fair education, his teachers being U. E. Fort and Burr Lee. At the age of twenty-one years he commenced to clear a farm near Batesville, but sold out in 1856, and moved to Big Bottom, where he opened a mercantile establishment on the plantation owned by Col. Morgan Magness, where he continued his enterprise until the breaking out of the war. In 1862 he enlisted in the Confederate service, and after the close of hostilities returned home and resumed his mercantile enterprises at Akron, as a member of the firm of Owen, Moore & Co., but in three years sunk $150,000. He then retired to his farm and took up agriculture and stock raising as an occupation, in which he has amassed another large fortune. His first business transaction in life was to purchase a farm for $600, on credit, and he now owns 800 acres of some of the finest bottom land in the State, besides other valuable property. Mrs. Eliza (Adams) Hulsey, a native of Fayette County, Tenn., born in 1825, became his wife in 1856, but her death occurred three years later, she having borne a family of two children: Susan, wife of Allen Bradford, and Elizabeth, who died when quite young. On the 15th of August, 1860, Mr. Carter wedded Miss Mary Adams, a sister of his first wife. She too was born in Fayette County, Tenn., and died the year after her marriage. In 1863 Nancy Ann Magness became his third wife. She is a daughter of Josiah Magness, and was born in Fayette County, Tenn., October 23, 1834, and, by Mr. Carter, is the mother of four children: Mary, wife of Thomas Nisbett; Noah, Alice and Eddie. Mr. Carter has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for forty-nine years, and in his political views is a Democrat. He belongs to the I. O. O. F, and has become a prominent citizen of the county, owing to his sound judgment, progressive ideas and unimpeachable honesty.
Alfred Arnold & Lucretia, his wife, Crawford Walker & Louisa, his wife, Morgan Magness Jr., Perry G.
Magness, Wharton R. Magness, Nancy Magness & Kisiah Magness by their guardian Morgan Magness Sr. vs
John W? Bond, guardian -- of Adeline Magness --- John B. Magness. Oct. 6, 1847. (Upon) the death of John
B. Magness that he has left an infant dau. named Adeline the only legal heir of his body & she is a resident of
this state. John W. Bond is the court appt. guardian of Adeline Magness. ...court doth decree that said Alfred
Arnold & Lucretia, his wife have an undivided 1/8 part of lands in the estate of John Magness, dec'd. Crawford
Walker & Louisa, his wife, 1/8 share. Morgan Magness & Perry C. Magness & Wharton R. Magness & Nancy
Magness Kisiah Magness 1/8 share each. Infant dau. Adeline 1/8 share. David Masome, Elisha Neavil & Elijah
Rettis appt. to apportion the land. Signed William W. Field.

III. Morgan Magness Holderby b. 1827, d. 1866

A. Military records 1846 Mexican War July 1964 Chronicle page 4 Company "E" of the Battalion, sent to the western frontier, was commanded by Capt. Charles H. Pelham. Rendezvous for companies of the Regiment was at Washington, Arkansas. Captain Pelham's company was enrolled at Batesville on June 26 [1846] and march to Ft. Smith where they were mustered in on July 21. Although the troops were mustered in for a period of 12 months, Captain Pelham's men were released at Ft. Wayne, Cherokee Nation, February 28, 1847. A patriotic celebration was given in honor of the veterans on July 28, 1847. (See Arkansas Democrat, August 6, 1847) page 16 Morgan Holderby, age 20, served as a private in Company E, Mounted Riflemen, Charles H. Pelham, Captain. Date: Mon, 24 Jun 1996 15:48:38 -0500 From: MR ALVIE L DAVIDSON Subject: MEXICAN WAR (A History of) Several weeks ago a question was asked of me about a good book concerning the subject of the Mexican War which was fought between the United States and Mexico which happened between 1846 and 1848. The book named below is a very good work by Nathan Covington Brooks and was originally published in 1849, just one year after the ending of the war, which seems to make it a little more accurate and credible. "A Complete History of the MEXICAN WAR: Its Causes, Conduct, and Consequences" Published by Grigg, Elliot, and Company in Philadelphia; 1849 Reprinted by The Rio Grande Press, Inc. of Chicago, IL in 1965. The book has a very good account of each battle and the leaders as well as the listings of all those "killed, missing, or wounded". These lists are in the back of the book arranged by unit and the state from which the unit served. Maybe someday someone will extract these names and publish a list of them all alone which would be a very good and valuable genealogical work. To assist in finding ancestors who served in the Mexican War, an "Index to Mexican War Pension Applications" was published by Heritage House of Indianapolis, IN in 1985. Alvie L. Davidson Genealogical Researcher Lakeland, FL B. Land records, purchases 1. January 8, 1846 T13N, R5W, section 26, NE 1/4, NE 1/4 40 acres This land was given to Sarah Magness, wife of Morgan Holderby, by her father David M. Magness, for her use and free from the control or direction of her husband or any other person. Sarah could not sell the land; but it could pass to her children. Deed Book G, page 346, Indep. Co., AR 2. 1849 T13N, R5W, section 26, S 1/2, NW 1/4 80 acres This land was purchased from Andrew Robertson. Deed Book H, page 31 3. September 5, 1851 T13N, R5W, section 26, SE 1/4, SW 1/4 40 acres This land was given to Sarah Magness, wife of Morgan Holderby, by her father David M. Magness. 4. 1854 a. T12N, R4W, section 22, E fract. part, SE fract. 1/4 64.4 acres b. T12N, R4W, section 22, NE 1/4, NE 1/4 40 acres Purchased from James and Mary Robertson. Deed Book J, page 249 5. 1854 T12N, R4W, section 23, W 1/2, SW 1/4 80 acres Purchased from Lewallen Tomlinson. Deed Book J, page 258 6. 1859 T15N, R5W, section 36, part SE 1/4, NE 1/4 Purchased from William E. Moody. Deed Book N, page 265 7. 1859 T14N, R4W, section 31, N fract. 1/2, NW 1/4 88.58 acres Purchased from Pleasant Turney. Deed Book N, page 273 8. July 2, 1860 T14N, R4W, S 1/2, NW 1/4, section 31 93.190 acres Morgan M. Holderby purchased this land from the state of Arkansas. Arkansas Land Patents, Independence County (Doc. #14679) 9. February 2, 1861 Deed Book O, page 322 Morgan M. Holderby purchased six Negroes from Martha Bean for $1050. Martha Bean had inherited these six Negroes from her child Sarrah Richard Bean and her husband Richard C. Bean. Easter age 25, woman Meanda age 11, girl Susan age 13, girl Mag age 8, girl Patrick age 4, boy Eliza age 1, child See 1816 sermon: The Beans were also present for Eli Lindsey's sermon at Batesville. 1830 census: Ruddell Township, Jesse Bean 0010001/001001/3 See 1840 census: Pleasant C. Bean 110001/000001/1 lived 4 doors down from Richard Holderby. See 1842 P. C. Bean was one of the appraisers of the Richard Holderby estate. 1848 Pleasant C. Bean died February 19, 1848. His widow was Alsy Bean (Elsie?). His children were Claiborn Bean, Richard Bean, and David Newton Bean. (from the 1850 census, Claiborn born 1832, Richard born 1841, David born 1843.) See 1850 census: page 21, #355, White River Township, Alsey Bean, age 44, born TN page 15, #253, Black River Township, Claborn Bean, age 18, Adams Henderson household. Adams Henderson (age 46, born TN) had a son Pleasant C. B. Henderson, age 9. page 19, #327, White River Township, William Henderson (age 70) household Richard C. Bean, age 9 David N. Bean, age 7 See 1860 census: page 59, White River Township, #1065 Abby J. Bean age 32, born TN (husband may have been Claiborn Bean?) Mary A. Bean age 8, born AR Richard N. Bean age 5, born AR 10. March 25, 1882 Mortgage Book E, page 297 John Holderby borrowed money to farm. 11. April 3, 1882 Deed Book E, page 439 J.W.T. Holderby borrowed $38.12 to farm 10 acres of corn. 12. January 26, 1884 Mortgage Book I, page 321 John W. Holderby borrowed money to farm 15 acres of cotton and 8 acres of corn. C. Land records, sales 1. 1851 Deed Book H, page 369 Land sold to Perry Green Holderby 2. January 11, 1854 Deed Book J, page 181 T13N, R5W, section 26, E 1/2, SW 1/4 80 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby, guardian of John W. T. Holderby (then age 7), to Mead H. Jackson. 3. January 11, 1854 Deed Book H, page 184 T13N, R5W, section 26, S 1/2, NW 1/4 80 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby to Mead H. Jackson. 4. March 30, 1855 Deed Book K, page 257 T12N, R4W, section 23, part SW 1/4, SW 1/4 14 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby and his wife Barbarah Holderby to Lewallen Tomlinson. 5. 1858 Deed Book N, page 102 T12N, R4W, section 23, W 1/2, SW 1/4 40 acres T12N, R4W, section 23, NE 1/4, NE 1/4 40 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby and his wife Barbery Holderby to Helen Elliott. See 1860 census, page 62, Big Bottom Township, William B. Eliott and wife Elen V. age 22.) Is there a relationship between William B. Elliott and Keziah Elliott, first wife of Col. Morgan Magness? 6. 1859 Deed Book N, page 274-275 T14N, R5W, section 36, NE 1/4, SE 1/4 40 acres T14N, R5W, section 36, part SE 1/4, NE 1/4 13 acres T14N, R4W, section 31, N fract. 1/2, NW 1/4 88.58 acres T14N, R4W, section 31, S fract. 1/2, NW 1/4 93.19 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby and his wife Barrah Holderby to David Holderby. D. Marriage records 1. Morgan M. Holderby married Sarah Magness, daughter of David M. Magness (about 1846). [Deed Book G, page 346-347; Deed Book H, page 554; 1850 census] Sarah had an enormous household due to the death of her husband's mother around 1848. In addition to her two children, she had five of her brother's siblings to care for. a. John W. T. Holderby (Thaddeus?) J. W. Holderby (age 21) married E. A. Watson (age 19) January 29, 1868 in Jackson County, Arkansas (Book D, page ) b. Susan A. Holderby 2. Morgan M. Holderby (age 25) married Barbara Durrum (age 15) November 10, 1852 by A. J. Mayland (Ind. Co., Book B, p. 180). Barbara was younger than 7 of the Holderby children. Her name is mentioned in several of the land transactions from 1855 to 1859. a. ??Laura L. Holderby (age 20) married Francis M. Leonard December 31, 1876 by M. L. Arnold (Book D, p. 421). E. Census records 1. 1850 census - White River Township, #325 Holderby, Morgan M. 22 farmer, born Arkansas Sarah 21 AR John W. T. 3 AR Susan A. 7/12 AR David 14 AR Henry 12 AR Eliza 10 AR Richard A. 9 AR Price, Sarah 7 AR (This is the half-sister of Morgan M. Holderby; her father was Ephraim Price. Probate Record, Chancery Book A, page 128.) 2. 1860 census - cannot find Morgan M. Holderby (died about 1866?) 3. 1870 census - Jackson County, Arkansas, Jefferson Township, p. 341, #213 Thaddeus Holderby, age 23 Betty, age 20 Sally, age 1 4. 1880 census - Independence County, AR, Black River Township, #185, Thadeus Holderby, age 33 Elisabeth, age 31 TN TN TN Sarah J., age 11 Maude, age 8 Minnie, age 5 Myrtle B, age 2 James M., age 4 months (See 1900 census, Jackson County, Arkansas, 5. 1900 census F. Probate records 1. Probate Book B - John W. T. Holderby - pages 184, 228 Sell land to M. H. Jackson. (January 11, 1854 Deed Book J, page 181 T13N, R5W, section 26, E 1/2, SW 1/4 80 acres Land sold by Morgan M. Holderby, guardian of John W. T. Holderby (then age 7) to Mead H. Jackson. 2. Independence County, Arkansas - Probate Book D, page 134 November 1866 3. Independence County, Arkansas - Probate Book D, page 300 July 1867 4. Probate Book E, page 35 (See Box 24) G. Children 1. John W. T. [Thaddeus?] Holderby born 1847 a. Sarah J. "Sally" Holderby born 1869 b. Maude Holderby born 1872 c. Minnie Holderby born 1875 d. Myrtle B. Holderby born 1878 e. James M. Holderby born 1880 2. Susan A. Holderby born 1850 3. ?? Laura L. Holderby born 1856 4. ?? IV. Perry Green Holderby b. 1828, d. Dec. 26, 1858 (Probate Box 27) A. Newspaper records B. Marriage records 1. Perry Green Holderby (age 23) married Elizabeth Adams (age 17) May 29 1851 (Independence Co., Book B, page 142) by E. R. McGuire. d. Dec. 26, 1858 2. Elizabeth Adams Holderby (age 22) married Martin Luther Arnold (age 22) April 5, 1859 (Independence Co., Book B, page 447) by Martin M. Henderson. Martin Luther Arnold was Perry Green Holderby's first cousin (MLA's mother and PGH's mother were sisters.) 1860 census - page 65 Independence County, Arkansas #1181 Arnold, M. L. age 19 farmer born AR , Elizabeth age 25 born TN Holderby, William M. age 8 born AR , Mary E. age 5 born AR [Mary Holderby (age 18) married Jemerson Moore (age 28) February 19, 1872 by Wm. H. Palmer (Indep. Co., Book C, page 586)] , John R. M. age 3 born AR [John R. M. Holderby born 1857, died 1867 (Probate Book D, page 337) "John Holderby is now deceased." October 1867] 3. Martin Luther Arnold (age 30) married Nancy E. Hughes (age 15) June 11, 1871 (Independence Co., Book C, page 551) by Wm. H. Palmer. Martin Luther Arnold born March 19, 1841; died May 13, 1928; buried Blue Springs. Nancy E. Hughes born June 17, 1856; died June 11, 1928; buried Blue Springs. C. Land records 1. 1851 Deed Book H, page 369 T12N, R4W, section 17, E 1/2, NW 1/4 80 acres T12N, R4W, section 17, NW 1/4, NE 1/4 40 acres (original land) T12N, R4W, section 18, S fract. part, NW 1/4 T12N, R4W, section 18, S fract. 1/2, NE fract. 1/4 T12N, R4W, section 18, N fract. part, NW fract. 1/4) T12N, R5W, section 3, S fract. part, SW 1/4 Land purchased from Morgan Magness Holderby. 2. Perry Green Holderby purchased T12N, R4W, section 17, S 1/2, NW 1/4 (80 acres) June 15, 1860 (Arkansas Land Patents, Independence County, Doc. #4919). This is a very strange record, as the Holderby heirs had been passing this land to Perry Green Holderby for years. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Perry Holderby heirs ( ?? ) a. N (frac) 1/2, NW (frac) 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W 76 acres b. S (frac) 1/2, SE 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W 19 (?) acres c. S (part), NW (frac) 1/4, section 18, T12N, R4W 63 acres D. Census records 1. 1850 census - 2. 1860 census - page 65 Independence County, Arkansas #1181 Arnold, M. L. age 19 farmer born AR , Elizabeth age 25 born TN Holderby, William M. age 8 born AR , Mary E. age 5 born AR [Mary Holderby (age 18) married Jemerson Moore (age 28) February 19, 1872 by Wm. H. Palmer (Ind. Co., Book C, page 586)] , John R. M. age 3 born AR [John R. M. Holderby born 1857, died 1867 (Probate Book D, page 337) "John Holderby is now deceased." October 1867] 3. 1870 census - See p. 23, Big Bottom Township, Independence County, AR William Holderby Arnold, Martin Luther Holderby, William Holderby, Mary 4. 1880 census - 5. 1900 census - 6. 1910 census - 7. 1920 census - E. Probate records 1. Independence County, Arkansas - Probate Book D pages 12, 39, 189, 274, 337, 596, 619 page 240 Luther Arnold July 1867 page 337 Luther Arnold October 1867 "John Holderby is now deceased." Father was Perry Green Holderby, widow is now the wife of said petitioner. 150 acres of land, 60 acres in cultivation. 2. Probate Book E pages 58, 86, 254, 351, 369, 395 3. Probate Book F pages 141, 257, 270, 273, 292, 335 F. Children 1. William M. Holderby born 1852 2. Mary E. Holderby born 1855 Mary Holderby (age 18) married Jemerson Moore (age 28) February 19, 1872 by Wm. H. Palmer (Ind. Co., Book C, page 586). 3. John R. M. Holderby born 1857, died 1867 (Probate Book D, page 337 "John Holderby is now deceased." October 1867 V. Mary Aldrine Holderby b. October 22, 1832, married James Merriwether Tunstall about 1858, d. January 20, 1897, buried Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Newark, Arkansas See Book, "Genealogy of My Children and Grandchildren" by Benvul George "Ben" Tunstall, published A. Newspaper records B. Marriage records C. Land records 1. James M. Tunstall purchased 80 acres section 18, T14N, R3W, 17 Nov. 1842 (Arkansas Land Patents, Independence County, p. 100). 2. D. Census records 1. 1840 census - 2. 1850 census - page 19, White River Township, Independence County, Arkansas #322 Tunstall, James M. age 28 born TN Mary age 18 born AR Thomas T. age 1 born AR 3. 1860 census - page 71, Black River Township, Independence County, Arkansas #1298 Tunstall, James M. age 40 born KY (should be Mississippi?) Mary age 28 born AR Thomas T. age 11 born AR Martha M. age 7 born AR William W. age 5 born AR Clay G. M. age 4 born AR Sarah E. J. age 1 born AR 4. 1870 census - Tunstall, James M. 5. 1880 census - Tunstall, James M. 6. 1900 census - Tunstall, James M. Watt age born AR 7. 1910 census - 8. 1920 census - VI. Nancy Holderby b. 1834, died between Aug. 1845-Jan. 1848 A. B. C. VII. David Holderby b. 1835, d. 186_ (before 1865) A. Probate records B. Military records C. Land records 1. 2. 3. 1862 a. section 14, T12N, R5W b. section 36, T12N, R5W 4. Minor heirs (about 1865) a. NE 1/4, NE 1/4, section 14, T12N, R5W 40 acres b. NE 1/4, SE /14, section 36, T14 N, R5W 40 acres c. SE (frac) 1/14, NE 1/4, section 36, T14N, R5W 13 acres d. N (frac) 1/2, NW (frac) 1/4, section 31, T14N, R5W 80.88 acres e. S (frac) 1/2, NW (frac) 1/4, section 31, T14N, R5W 93 acres D. Marriage records 1. David Holderby married Louisa Arnold July 15, 1857 (Indep. Co., AR marriages, Book B, p. 368) 2. Louisa Holderby married Legrande Forte July 21, 1869 (Indep. Co., AR marriages, Book C, p. 391) (Anthony Christensen says they were separated soon after 1870) E. Census records 1. 1850 census, Black River Township 2. 1860 census 3. 1870 census F. Probate records - NONE?? G. Children (See The Posterity of Nancy Edwards, Chapter 11 of Arthur Edwards and His Five Generation Posterity by Anthony J. Christensen, October 1990) Page 11.8 1. Nancy Holderby b. 1858 2. Sarah Helen Holderby b. June 17, 1860 d. February 12, 1908 (This could be 1909 - see Cleghorn Chapel, page 28.) (age 15) married November 24, 1875 (Book page ) to James William Henderson (age 23) a. Henry Clay Henderson b. April 30, 1877, d. Nov. 30, 1900 buried at Akron Cemetery b. Louisa Jane Henderson b. April 9, 1879 d. young c. Lybia "Libbie" Henderson b. October 1, 1881 d. April 8, 1915 buried Blue Springs, section C (page 10) Married Lee G. Foster b. 1875, d. 1950 buried Blue Springs d. Ethel Henderson b. August 9, 1884 d. young e. James William "Bill" Henderson b. March 1, 1887 Married Mary Ethel Harrelson buried Blue Springs f. Harrison Vivian "Harry" Henderson b. October 17, 1889 d. 1969 Married Nora Lidenton died Phoenix, AZ g. Carrie Burilla Florence Henderson b. Dec. 29, 1893, d. June 1, 1940 Married Adler M. Sisk 3. Martha Holderby b. 1862 VIII. Henry E. Holderby b. Jan. 11, 1837, d. Nov. 19, 1872, buried Akron Cemetery, Newark, Arkansas A. Probate records 1. Independence County, Arkansas - Probate Book E Pages (20 pages) 2. Probate Book F - Henry Holderby - pages 5, 37, 80, 511, 610 - Annie Holderby - pages 51, 268, 315, 512, 610 - Thomas E. Holderby - pages 224, 432, 482, 636 Probate Book F - Richard Holderby, page 428, security for estate (of Henry Holderby?). 3. Probate Book G - pages 4. Probate Book H - Henry Holderby - pages 188, 248, 470, 523, 586 (Check p. 523 - reference to North Arkansas Pilot newspaper, Aug. 1881) Thomas Elbert Holderby - pages 224, 432, 482, 636 5. Probate Book I - Thomas Holderby - page 620 Sherod Arnold, guardian of Thomas Holderby, May 7, 1888. 6. Probate Book J - 7. Probate Book K - Thomas E. Holderby - pages 384, 439, 574 8. Probate Book L - E. T. Holderby - page 255 R. A. McHenry, guardian. B. Marriage records 1. Henry E. Holderby (age 19) married Martha Pledger (age 18) July 17, 1856 by Martin M. Henderson (Ind. Co., Book B, p. 322). 2. Henry Holderby (age 29) married Mariah Arnold (age 22) December 10, 1866 by John N. Tomlinson (Ind. Co., Book C, page 222). 3. C. Land records 1. 2. 1862 a. section 21, T12N, R4W b. section 22, T12N, R4W 3. (about 1865) a. N (frac) 1/2, SE (frac) 1/4, section 21, T12N, R4W b. S 1/2, SE (frac) 1/4, section 21, T12N, R4W c. W 1/2, SW (frac) 1/4, section 22, T12N, R4W 4. December 1, 1867 (December 31, 1866) Deed Book Q, page 274 Henry Holderby sold 74.12 acres to his brother Richard Holderby W 1/2, SW 1/2, section 22, T12N, R4W 5. 1908-1916 Grantee, General Index to Deeds and Mortgages, Independence County page 112 Roxie Holderby, grantee N.M. Wilson and wife Nancy, grantor March 20, 1906 (filed April 12, 1911) Book U-3, page 180 (Deed of Trust??) T12N, R4W, section 5, part of the NE quarter, 3 acres D. Military records 1. January 1962 Chronicle, page 21 Henry Holderby 2. Fight and Survive! by Lady Elizabeth Watson, page 183 Henry Holderby E. Census records 1. 1850 census - 2. 1860 census - 3. 1870 census - 4. 1880 census - F. Children 1. Mary Catherine "Kate" Holderby born 1858 Mary C. Holderby married Thomas Magness February 11, 1874 in Jackson County, Arkansas (Book , page ). 2. Anna "Annie" Holderby born 1861, died January 8, 1880 (Probate Record, Box 26) a. Thomas Elbert Holderby born January 8, 1880 Listed as the heir of Annie Holderby Thomas Elbert Holderby married Roxie Duff September 29, 1901 in Independence County, Arkansas (Marriage Book J, page 103. D. B. Gine was his security. D. B. Gine married Miss Dosia Weatherford September 29, 1901 in Independence County, Arkansas (Marriage Book J, page 102. T. E. Holderby was his security. Frank White married both couples. 1908-1916 Grantee, General Index to Deeds and Mortgages, Independence County page 112 Roxie Holderby, grantee N.M. Wilson and wife Nancy, grantor March 20, 1906 (filed April 12, 1911) Book U-3, page 180 (Deed of Trust??) T12N, R4W, section 5, part of the NE quarter, 3 acres IX. Eliza Holderby b. 1839, d. October 1, 1920, buried Walnut Grove Cemetery, Newport, Arkansas A. Probate records 1. Independence County, Arkansas, Probate Book A, page 340 Minor heirs of Richard (or Martha) Holderby January 5, 1848 lists Eliza. 2. Independence County, Arkansas, Probate Book B, page 257-258 Martha Holderby estate, July 1854 - Eliza Holderby was one of the seven heirs named to receive money from the sale of the negro boy George. B. Marriage records 1. Eliza Holderby (age 17) married Joseph Pistole (age 23) January 28, 1857 by Wm. H. Palmer (Indep. Co., AR, Book C, page 586). 2. Eliza Pistole married Thomas B. Wormington 1860-1868. Divorce records Book D, p. 296 - motion for divorce filed against Thomas B. Wormington by Eliza Wormington. Divorce records Book D, p. 320 - divorce granted May 7, 1869. Thomas B. Wormington was a non-resident of the state of Arkansas and had not answered the suit. He had abandoned Eliza Wormington in February 1868. She owned the property before her marriage and was granted ownership of the property at the time of the divorce. 3. Eliza Wormington (age 30) [should be age 40] of Jacksonport married John Q. Guynn (age 46) March 11, 1879 (Jackson County, AR, Book B, page 55). Minnie Pistole married December 15, 1880, John M. Guynn, son of her step-father, John Q. Guynn. Child: Heard Q. Guynn, born 1891, died 1960, married, 1st, 1919, Sadie Chancellor, and, 2nd, 1920, Pearl Rogers. "Charles Pistole and His Descendants" by Myrtle Farmer Gaddy (1975), page 12. C. Census records 1. 1840 - Independence County, AR, White River Township, p.213 Richard Holderby 2020001/121001/0 2. 1850 - Independence County, AR, White River Township, #325 Morgan M. Holderby, age 22, born AR Sarah, age 21, born AR John W. T., age 3, born AR Susan A, age 7 months, born AR David, age 14, born AR Henry, age 12, born AR Eliza, age 10, born AR Richard A., age 9, born AR Sarah Price, age 7, born AR 3. 1860 - Jackson County, AR, Jefferson Township, Jacksonport, p. 168, #1629 Eliza Pistole, age 21, born AR Joe (son), age 3 Eliza (daughter), age 1 4. 1870 - Jackson County, AR, Jacksonport, p. 351. #136 Eliza Wormington, age 29, keeping house, $1000, $200 Minnie, age 10 5. 1880 - Jackson County, AR John Q. Guynn 6. 1900 - Jackson County, AR John Q. Guynn 7. 1910 - Jackson County, AR John Q. Guynn Tombstone says John Q. Guynn was born June 6, 1832, died March 17, 1911. See Index to Jackson County Cemetery Inventory (1968), page 50.] 8. 1920 - Jackson County, AR, Union Township, p. 266, #118, Malcolm Avenue Liza Guynn, age 77, widow, born AR, father born IN, mother born AR Minnie (daughter), age 56 AR AR AR Herd (son), age 28 (dv) AR AR AR John (son), age 61 KY KY KY D. Books 1. "Charles Pistole and His Descendants" by Myrtle Farmer Gaddy (1975) Page 12 Joseph "Joe Pistole lived at Jacksonport. He married January 18, 1857, Eliza Holderby. She was born in 1839 in Independence County, Ark., and died Sept. 30, 1920 [this should be Oct. 1, 1920 - see newspaper records] in Jackson County. (She married, second, John Q. Guynn.) [It should say that she married THIRD John Q. Guynn, after she married SECOND Thomas B. Wormington.] The children of Joseph and Eliza (Holderby) Pistole were: (1) Joseph Pistole, born 1858, died young [before 1870]; and (2) Minnie Pistole, born 1860, died 1936. [Her name was Eliza, after her mother. See 1860 census.] Minnie Pistole married December 15, 1880, John M. Guynn, son of her step-father, John Q. Guynn. Child: Heard Q. Guynn, born 1891, died 1960, married, 1st, 1919, Sadie Chancellor, and, 2nd, 1920, Pearl Rogers. Page 37 Joseph "Joe" Pistole, son of Charles Pistole, Junior, lived at Jacksonport in the 1850's. Jacksonport was a lively river town at that time. The 1860 census includes a record of his death in its "mortality schedule." This record shows his occupation as "gambler." [The 1860 census records Eliza Pistole, household #1629, age 21, in Jacksonport with her son Joe, age 3, and her daughter Eliza, age 1. Her occupation was Boardinghouse, worth $2000. They must have called her daughter Minnie to distinguish between the two Elizas. The Mortality Schedules of Arkansas, page 81, records that Joseph Pistole, age 27, died in March 1860 in Jackson County after having pneumonia for ten days.] E. Newspaper records 1. Newport Weekly Independent, March 24, 1911 - John Q. Guynn obituary 2. Newport Daily Independent, September 30, 1920 - Mrs. Eliza Guinn [sic] critically ill (front page) 3. Newport Daily Independent, October 2, 1920 - Eliza Holderby Guynn obituary (front page) Newport Weekly Independent March 24, 1911 JOHN Q. GUYNN DIED FRIDAY Old Citizen and Veteran Mason Passes Away at Home in East Newport John Quincy Adams Guynn for fifty years a Royal Arch Mason, an ex-Confederate soldier and pioneer citizen of Jackson, died at 3:20 o'clock Friday morning at his home in East Newport from a complication of Bright's disease and heart trouble. He was 78 years of age and for several years has been in feeble health. The deceased was born in Trigg County, Kentucky in 1832 and came to Arkansas in 1862. He enlisted in the Confederate army under Captain Bateman of Jacksonville [Jacksonport?]. He was a member of the Christian Church and for fifty years had been a Royal Arch Mason. He has also been a member of the Royal A_______ for twenty-six years. The deceased is survived by a wife and two sons, W. A. and John M. Guynn, to whom the sympathy of friends is extended in this hour of sorrow. Funeral services from the home at 2:30 Saturday afternoon conducted by Rev. W. L. Harris, the Masonic Lodge being in charge of the burial in Walnut Grove Cemetery. [Tombstone says John Q. Guynn was born June 6, 1832, died March 17, 1911. See Index to Jackson County Cemetery Inventory (1968), page 50.] Newport Daily Independent Thursday, September 30, 1920 Mrs. Eliza Guinn, of the East Side, is critically ill, having been in an unconscious condition for two days. Mrs. Guinn is in her eightieth year and it is thought is rapidly growing weaker. Newport Daily Independent Saturday, October 2, 1920 ELIZA HOLDERBY GUYNN At 2:30 Friday afternoon on October the first, Mrs. Eliza H. Guynn passed away, surrounded by her family circle, at the age of almost 82 years. She was born in Independence County, just three years after Arkansas was admitted into the union of states, and has spent her entire life in Independence and Jackson County. In early life, she joined the Methodist church, but soon after marrying John Q. Guynn, deceased, she joined the Christian Church and has all of those years been a faithful member, and until she became an invalid, was active in all the church's interests. Just a few days before the end she expressed a desire to her pastor to once more be allowed the privilege of communicating, and to grant her last wish the pastor and some of her friends met at her home and in the silent sick chamber, the Scriptures were read and the sacrament served. During her long illness, embracing a number of years, she was patient and humble with never a murmur of complaint. The funeral was held this afternoon at 2:30 from the home conducted by her pastor, Rev. C. Bridenthal of the Christian Church, assisted by Rev. W. F. Evans of the Methodist Church, burial following at Walnut Grove [Cemetery in Newport]. Surviving is one child, a daughter, Mrs. Minnie Guynn and grandson, Heard Guynn, to whom the sympathy of friends is extended in their sorrow. X. Richard Ansker Holderby b. March 6, 1841, d. 1874?, buried Akron Cemetery, Newark, Arkansas A. Probate records 1. 1842 2. 1848 3. Probate Book F - Richard Holderby, page 428, security for estate (of Henry Holderby?). B. Military records 1. Chronicle 2. Fight and Survive! by Lady Elizabeth Watson C. Marriage records Richard A. Holderby (age 19) married Martha Drennen (age 19) January 10, 1860 by John N. Tomlinson, J.P. Independence County, Arkansas Book B, page 475 D. Land records 1. 1862 a. section 12, T13N, R5W 2. Dec. 31, 1866 (December 1, 1867) Richard Holderby bought 74.12 acres from his brother Henry Holderby. Deed Book Q, page 274 W 1/2, SW 1/2, section 22, T12N, R4W 3. 1867 (Tax records) a. W 1/2, SW 1/4, section 22, T12N, R4W 74.12 acres ($376) b. 2 horses ($100), 6 cows ($90) 4. November 26, 1868 (filed June 30, 1869) Richard Holderby sold 60 acres to Josiah Magness. Deed Book R, page 506 W 1/2, SW 1/4, section 22, T12N, R4W (See list of real estate subject to taxation in 1880: Forfeited 1874 - 1875, 14 acres, part W 1/2, SW 1/4, section 22, T12N, R4W) Richard Holderby died in 1874 5. November 26, 1868 (filed February 6, 1869) Richard Holderby bought 80 acres from Morgan Magness (his mother's uncle). Deed Book R, page 234 W 1/2, NE 1/4, section 8, T12N, R4W 6. 1869 - 1875 - $800 1870 - 1876 - $700 1871 - 1877 - $ 1872 - 1878 - 1873 - 1879 - $700 (last year listed under Richard Holderby) 1874 - (See list of real estate subject to taxation in 1880: Mrs. Martha Holderby paid $10.59 in taxes for this 80 acres worth $642 in the Akron school district 19. This land was listed under Mrs. Martha Holderby from 1880 until 1898.) 1880 - $642 1890 - $1000 1881 - $890 1891 - $1000 1882 - $890 1892 - $1000 1883 - $890 1893 - $1250 1884 - $890 1894 - $1250 1885 - $890 1895 - $ 620 (40 acres) 1886 - $890 1896 - $ 620 1887 - $? 1897 - $625 1888 - $1000 1898 - $625 1889 - $1000 7. 1900 This land was owned by G. O. Magness. 8. February 14, 1882 - Deed Book D, p. 448 Index of Deeds and Mortgages 1880 - 1884 Martha Holderby sold land to J. W. Magness & Co. 9. Deed Book F, page 43 pages 137, 158, 263, 391, 395, 418, 480, 522, 524. E. Census records 1. 1850 census Morgan M. Holderby 2. 1860 census Richard Holderby Martha Holderby 3. 1870 census Richard Holderby Martha Holderby 4. 1880 census Martha Holderby 5. 1900 census (a) #46 John Henry Holderby (b) #48 Lizzie Pascoe (c) #231 Molly Burns (d) 6. 1910 census (a) Big Bottom Township, Lizzie Pascoe (b) Morgan Burns Molly Burns (c) John Henry Holderby (d) Mattie Nash or Robertson (e) Big Bottom Township, #178 (page 9B) Henry F. Gibson age 50 AR AR AR Arthur V. age 16 Oscar H. age 14 Ona R. age 12 Nora F. age 10 Earnest N. age 9 Forrest F. age 4 (Louise Holderby Gibson died February 26, 1910.) 7. 1920 census F. Children 1. Elizabeth Holderby born Dec. 25, 1861 died Dec. 20, 1937 married (1) Jan. 3, 1888 (Book F, p. 332) to John N. Tomlinson (age 60) married (2) April 16, 1893 (Book G, p. 355) to Walter Pascoe Obituary for Lizzie Holderby Pascoe The Newark Journal December 23, 1937 Mrs. Lizzie Pascoe died at her home here last Monday. She had been in bad health for several months. Mrs. Pascoe would have been 76 years of age had she lived until next Saturday, having been born on Christmas Day of 1861. She is survived by three daughters, Mrs. C.C. Norris, Mrs. B. H. Cole, and Mrs. Tom Self, all of Newark, and by 15 grandchildren, and 5 great-grandchildren. She had been a member of the Christian Church for many years and was loved and respected by a large circle of friends. Funeral services were held at the Christian Church Tuesday afternoon, Rev. C. C. Hance conducting the services. Burial was at Blue Springs. NOTE: The Pascoes apparently have been in trouble for many years. April 2, 1996 Date: Mon, 1 Apr 1996 10:11:38 EST From: Darrell Subject: PASCOE Royalty?!!? :^) Hi ya'll. This story has apparently been floating around in my PASCOE family for years. I picked it up a few years back at the annual reunion in Ball Ground, Cherokee Co., GA. I've been saving it for an appropriate event ever since. April Fool's day seems like the right time... PASCOE Prologue 1780 County Cornwall, England: In the year of 1780 the young Prince of Wales, eldest son of King George III, went on a hunting trip down into County Cornwall. Near the township of Truro the royal party stopped off at the house of one Samuel Pascoe to stay over for some grouse shooting on the moors. Pascoe was the Provost Marshal over the Truro section, and a member of the landed gentry. He had often acted as host to members of the royal family. Assisting him in making his guests welcome and comfortable was his pretty sixteen- year old daughter Mourning Catherine--the Mourning prefixed to her name because of the death of her mother in giving the child birth. While at the Pascoe estate the prince took a fancy to Catherine, and, being a bold, outrageously demanding youth, he lost no time in making her aware of his intentions. Six months later Catherine was installed in her own lavishly furnished townhouse in London and was given the title of Lady Catherine; favors for becoming the mistress of the prince. Five months after Catherine's establishing residence in the city she gave birth to a child--the illegitimate son of the Prince of Wales. He was christened John Henry Pascoe. [about 1781] The prince's insatiable appetite for carousing and taking pretty girls led him into all sorts of debauchery. after five years of his insufferable behavior Catherine asked to be released to return to Cornwall. The prince arranged a settlement of generous income for her and the child, and engaged tutors for the boy. He purchased a villa for them on the quay of Truro, leading city and loveliest in all Cornwall. Catherine returned to her beloved parish to live the life of a recluse, while her son, John, was receiving his education in the best of boarding schools. >From there he went into legal practice in London and was consequently awarded a position in the royal court. Meanwhile, King George III, who had always been an irascible eccentric, obliged public opinion by going completely mad. Prince George was installed as Prince Regent until his father finally expired. The prince was forced to wed an ugly German whom he literally despised. When she gave birth to a daughter he refused to accept her back in his chambers again. This daughter would later grow up to marry and die in childbirth. The child was stillborn, and with it died any acceptable direct heir to England's and the world's greatest throne. George IV, as he was finally crowned, produced no other children. Upon the death of George IV, Lady Catherine came out seclusion, journeyed to London, and presented papers signifying that George IV had acknowledged her son as being his child by placing his seal on the records of birth, when the king was still Prince of Wales. The prime minister, after reviewing the papers, refused to present her son's claim to the right of the throne, stating that England had been rocked by enough war and scandal. He refused to return the documents to Lady Catherine; he did, however, promise her son a high seat in Parliament, with one stipulation: Lady Catherine was to remove her household from Truro, to the extreme lower tip of England, a wild, beautiful landscape, with a marvelous climate, but the loneliest of existences. With nothing else to be gained Catherine left London on promises for her son--which were never kept. John Pascoe at the age of 49 stood among the commoners and witnessed the coronation of his uncle, the Duke of Clarence--crowned William IV. [about 1830 ??] He bitterly resolved that his children would not grow up subject to the crown. He was later to stand and watch the coronation of his seventeen-year old first cousin, Victoria--daughter of his father's youngest brother, the Duke of Kent. And on that day the wife* of John Henry Pascoe held up a new-struck coin before her children and cried, 'There is a head I would like to pinch off between my fingers. She ascends the throne that I should share with your father. Don't ever forget, or let your children forget, this unholy day.'" The aging Lady Catherine was having tea in her cottage on the cliff at Land's End when her servant brought in one of the banns bearing a picture of the new monarch. She rose, ground her heel onto the paper, and walked out to gaze across the blue horizon, where only the gulls and terns, and the eternal crashing of the waves hurling against the granite cliffs, broke the sameness of each day. ŞThey can turn their backs on him," she called to the angry sea, "but they can never deny his royal blood. He is a greater prince than was his father. He would have been a glorious king of England! This information given by Richard Henry Pascoe, who resided in San Francisco, CA for years; later returning to stay in England to study the Pascoe history, and live where his ancestors had lived. *The wife of John Henry Pascoe was Grace BENNETT. Anyone else have similar tales? Darrell RAINEY (a) George Holderby born Dec. 5, 1819, died Jan. 13, 1925 Obituary of George Holderby The Newark Journal January 15, 1925 George Holderby who was born and reared in Newark was instantly killed in an automobile accident at Manitee, Florida, Tuesday when an automobile in which he was riding was struck by a train. Details of the accident are not known, the only information received here being a telegram to his wife, stating that he had been killed and that the body would be shipped here for burial. His mother, Mrs. Lizzie Pascoe, is in Florida, having gone there a few weeks ago to spend the winter with her son. The body is expected to arrive in Newark Friday. (b) Eunice Pascoe born February 8, 1893; died Feb. 3, 1894, buried Blue Springs (c) Lena Pascoe born March 30, 1896; died May 15, 1987; buried Blue Springs married 1914 to Benjamin Harrison Cole (1) (2) (d) Rae Pascoe born November 26, 1899; died June 23, 1982; buried Blue Spgs married January 31, 1917 to Cecil Caldwell Norris (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (e) Addie Pascoe born January 19, 1902; died May 27, 1989; buried Blue Springs married 1920's to Tom Self (1) (2) 2. Mary "Molly" Holderby born October 14, 1863 died June 13, 1913 married (1) May 21, 1878 (Book E, p. 58) to Elijah J. Kinman married (2) January 16, 1881 (Book E, p. 301) to Morgan Bateman Burns (See Appendix I for Burns family) 3. John Henry Holderby born July 31, 1865 died Jan. 25, 1937 married (1) Catherine "Katie" Arnold (born 1873, d. 1914) July 12, 1892 Book G, page 242 married (2) Margaret "Maggie" Catherine Arnold Tuggle March 17, 1917 Book Q, p. 177 Katie Arnold was the daughter of John Newton Arnold (b. 1843) and Maranda Catherine "Kate" Reeves (b. 1845). Mag Arnold was the daughter of Martin Luther Arnold and Nancy Hughes. (See Christensen, page 11.11) a. Neva Holderby b. 1893, d. Dec. 30, 1893 b. Zenobie "Nobe" Holderby b. Sept. 6, 1895, d. 1939 (1) Margaret Catherine "Kate" died 1993? Florida (2) c. Richard "Dick" Henry Holderby b. August 14, 1898, d. Feb. 28, 1959 Dick played football at Newark, then at the University of Arkansas from 1917-1921. He coached and taught at Newport, Arkansas before moving to DeWitt. married Sue born December 20, 1904 Living Bentonville, AR 1995 (1) Margaret Kathryn Holderby born April 29, 1939 Living Eagle River, Alaska 1995; Georgia? married Lloyd Liggett No kids together (2) Richard Henry "Hank" Holderby b. February 10, 1941 Living 1995 LR married (1) Shirley Jean Duncan July 14, 1969 (a) Richard Scott Holderby b. Sept. 2, 1969 Living AZ (b) Darla Kathryn Holderby b. March 23, 1971 d. July 1988 married (2) Kimberly Anne Carver March 17, 1984 (c) Benjamin Holderby born July 9, 1991 (3) Martha Sue Holderby born June 25,1944, died June 13, 1969 (leukemia) married Bob Boynton (Jacksonville, FL) d. Bertie "Bert" Lee Holderby b. August 9, 1901, d. 1970's e. Zemarue "Zem" Holderby b. February 23, 1905, d. October 1969 married (1) Richard (2) John killed age 4-5 car accident in Tulsa, OK Went to get hamburger for Richard, who was sick, ran out in front of the car with his mother standing on the corner. 4. Martha "Mattie" Holderby b. 1868 d. June 13, 1937 married (1) June 13, 1885 (Jackson Co. Book C, p. 16) to George Nash (1) Ess Nash prob. 1886 married (a) G. W. Nash (2) William J. "Bill" Nash prob. 1888 (3) Earl Victor Nash prob. 1890 married (a) Victor Nash (4) Richard Clede Nash prob. 1892 (a) George Edward Nash (b) Norma Lee Nash married first Francis _______ married second _____ Latterreur married (2) after 1900 to Arch Robertson (5) Virgle Lora Robertson (girl) born June 19, 1905 died November 28, 1967 married Herald Noble Reynolds born August 6, 1898 (a) Clifford Reynolds born October 14, 1929 married Allene Broadwater (1) Cathy Elaine Reynolds Married Glenn Edwards (2) child died young (3) Patricia Lynn Reynolds married _____ Rutherford (4) Pamela Ann Reynolds married Boris Dover (b) Martha Sue Reynolds born September 26, 1931 married James Buford Hall (son of Winfred Hall) (1) Martha Frances "Marti" Hall born Dec. 21, 1953 married James Hugh McWilliams (a) James Hugh McWilliams V born Oct. 6, 1980 (b) Jonathan Ryan McWilliams born May 1, 1984 (2) James Herald Hall born Jan. 6, 1956 married Catherine Ashton August 1996 (3) John Winfred Hall born August 5, 1957 married Michele Hezeau (a) John Daniel Hall born Nov. 7, 1983 (b) Holly Michele Hall born Dec. 22, 1988 5. Margaret "Maggie" Holderby born 1868? Martha Sue Holderby Hall told me that her grandmother had a twin sister. No further information. 7. Louise Holderby b. November 25, 1871; died February 26, 1910; buried Blue Springs. Married May 17, 1891 (Independence County, Arkansas, Book G, p. 154) to Henry F. Gipson born December 10, 1859; died August 8, 1926; buried Blue Springs. (1) Eulor M. Gibson born June 20, 1892; died November 21, 1894 (Blue Sp) (2) Arthur V. Gibson born about 1894 (3) Oscar H. Gibson born November 21, 1895; died Feb. 15, 1915 (Blue Sp) (4) Ona R. Gibson born about 1897 (5) Nora F. Gibson born October 12, 1899; died July 17, 1964 (Blue Sp) married Andrew J. Adair, Sr. (a) Andrew J. Adair, Jr. born Sept. 12, 1919; died June 17, 1987 (Blue Sp) married 1940 to Geraldine Barnett born 1924 (6) Earnest Gibson born about 1901 (7) Forrest Gibson born about 1906 8. Rosa Richard Holderby (girl) b. 1874 Lucien B. Harris of Newport, age 33, and Miss Rosa R. Holderby of Newport, age 21, married April 30, 1895 by J. H. Fuller. (Jackson County, Arkansas Marriage Book D, page 279) She may have been living with her aunt, Eliza Holderby Guynn at this time. Her mother possibly died by 1890. Uncle John Henry Holderby's Bible lists Aunt Dick Harris as one of his sisters. I have an old record that lists Rosie Holderby Harris as one of the sisters. G. Newspaper records Batesville News, March 3, 1842 Appendixes Appendix A - Magness Family Territorial Papers of Arkansas 1815 pages 4 & 5 William Clark, Governor of the Territory of Missouri and Commander-in-Chief of the Militia thereof. To all who shall see these presents, Greetings. Know ye, that reposing special trust and confidence in the integrity, abilities and diligence of Perry G. Magness, I do appoint him a Justice of the Peace within and for the Settlement of Spring River in the County of Lawrence, and to administer oaths of office within and for said county, and empower him to discharge the duties of said office according to law. To have and hold the said office, with all the powers, privileges, and emoluments to the same right appertaining, for four years unless sooner removed. In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the territory to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand at St. Louis the first day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen and the Independence of the United States the thirty ninth. (Signed) William Clark (By Frederick Bates, Secretary of Missouri Terr.) There is endorsed on the above commission the following certificate - Perry G. Magness came before me and after being qualified to support the constitution of the United States and then to support the office of Justice of the Peace, as the law directs, in and for the County of Lawrence. Given under my hand this 24th of April 1815. (Signed) William Russel, J. P. Appendix B - Hulsey family (1) Elizabeth Appendix C - Durrum family (2) Morgan Appendix D - Adams family (3) Perry Green Appendix E - Tunstall family (4) Mary Appendix F - Arnold family (6) David See "Arthur Edwards and His Five Generation Posterity" by Anthony J. Christensen P. O. Box 768 Spanish Fork, Utah 84660 Appendix G - Pledger family (7) Henry H. John K. Pledger married Sarah Hulsey on July 12, 1832 (Book A, page 22) See Will Book A, page 81 See 1840 census Mrs. Sarah Pledger (age 40) married James Wilkenson Adams on August 23, 1846 (B-25) Appendix H - Pistole, Guynn family (8) Eliza Appendix I - Burns family (9) Richard


Arkansas Historic Preservation Program
Akron Cemetery
Akron Cemetery



Akron Cemetery, located in the Newark vicinity of Independence County, Arkansas, is being nominated to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A for its local significance as the last remaining site in its original location associated with the settlement of Big Bottom, later known as Akron. It also meets the requirements of Criteria Consideration D: Cemeteries.


The history of Akron would have to begin by identifying the Native Americans who settled or passed through the area. A few tribes known to have been here were the Osage, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Delaware and Shawnee. There are artifacts and skeletal remains, which occasionally surface, but that is about all the information that we have to document their early existence in Big Bottom.

One of the best early history books pertaining specifically to this area was published in 1902. Its title is "The History of Lawrence, Jackson, Independence and Stone Counties of the Third Judicial District of Arkansas." The author was Sallie W. Stockard, and the book contains many wonderful quotes about the early days. She had the good fortune to interview pioneers who had been in the area well before the Civil War, so her writings are very significant. Of the early Indians Stockard wrote, "It is veritably the hunter's paradise and it was with great reluctance that the Indians were induced to give way to the encroachment of the white man upon their well-earned and hitherto undisputed domain."

The only physical evidence reminding us of these earliest of residents is the Akron Cemetery. It was a Native American mound centuries before the white man began using it for his dead. A smaller mound was located across the present highway adjacent to the cemetery. While Akron Cemetery was in active use in the early 1900s, reports of Indian artifacts being found in freshly dug graves were often reported to the local newspaper.

The mound, perhaps the county's best known and most often mentioned mound, is thought to have been the work of Native Americans from the Mississippian time frame of the mid- 1500s.

The Akron mound was inspected by Indian archaeologist Edward Palmer around 1882. Using his exact wording, he described the situation as, "...a large mound 7 ft. high, & 300 ft. across, of circular form. It is covered with graves of the townspeople as it is on the outskirts. In digging the graves many things have been taken, from one grave a fine carved shell and a number of beads were found and presented to the National Museum by M. A. Mull of Jacksonport. Jackson Co. Ark. A figure of clay was taken out at the same time with the shells... There is another mound near the above. It is 4 ft. high & 50 ft. across. One foot from surface found 6 inches of burnt clay brick stuff, then 5 inches of ashes and charcoal. A few important things were found - Turned over the whole mound. The base is of clay & sand."

The engraved shell is now a part of the Palmer Collection housed at the Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institute. It is thought that the shell originated from the south in the Gulf of Mexico and was traded among the Indians until it reached its resting-place at Akron.

The first settlers in Akron (Big Bottom) were Jonathan Magness, and sons Perry Green, Morgan, and David G. W. in 1815. They were son and grandsons of Perrygreen Magness of N.C. a Captain in Revolutionary War. Other early settlers included Richard Holderby, (son in law of Perry Green Magness) Alfred Arnold, John Arnold, William Arnold, and Hugh Tomlinson. It is believed that most or all of these early settlers and families are buried at Akron. Visible stones include Richard Holderby, Hugh Tomlinson, and wife. There is a flat stone lying under a large oak bearing PGM. It has been documented as Perry Green Magness.

There were several significant early political figures that have ties to Akron, although not all are buried in the cemetery. Perry Green Magness was also one of the first to become involved in politics in the area. On March 1, 1815, he was appointed as a justice of the peace for Spring River, a settlement in the original county of Lawrence. In 1818 he was one of the three representatives of Lawrence County (Independence County was originally part of Lawrence County) to the Missouri General Assembly. In 1820, he was one of five commissioners appointed by the General Assembly of the Territory of Arkansas charged with locating a suitable place for the courthouse and jail for the new Independence County. He was appointed a justice of the peace for Black River Township in 1827. Had he not died in 1829, around the young age of 43, he might have continued the successful political career that seemed destined to be his.

Although not the first to run for office from Big Bottom, Morgan Magness, brother of Perry Green Magness, certainly had the most distinguished career. It appears his earliest public service work was in March 23, 1830, when he, John C. Saylors and Isaac Robinson were elected by the 1829 Arkansas Territorial Assembly to serve as justices of the peace.

In 1831 Magness was elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Seventh Arkansas Territorial General Assembly, a position to which he was reelected for the Eighth Session in 1833. As a member of the Whig party, he was elected to serve in 1838 to the House of Representatives of the Second Arkansas General Assemblies, winning over opponent L. L. Parks by a vote of 369-116. In 1840 and 1842, he was elected to serve in the Senate of the Third and Fourth Arkansas General Assemblies, respectively.

Morgan and Perry Green Magness' brother-in-law Benaiah (Beniah) Bateman served in the House of Representatives of the Fourth and Fifth Arkansas State General Assemblies. Bateman was a veteran of the War of 1812, having served as a private in Capt. David Mason's company of Militia Cavalry in Tennessee. He was a captain serving under Gen. Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans.

Also in 1838, the acting governor during the general assembly appointed Richard Holderby for the Real Estate Bank. He died four years later at age 43. Richard A. Holderby was a Sargent in the 8th Arkansas Calvary during Civil War (son of Richard). Both are buried at Akron

In 1854 a Post Office was established at Big Bottom. The area grew as a small, but important commercial port and stagecoach stop on the White River. The name Big Bottom disappeared in the 1880s when the name Akron was chosen, however, Big Bottom exists today as the township where Newark is located. Akron, with its location on the main road and with its good business community, was destined to remain viable, except for one nagging problem, the White River. The river, for all the opportunities it offered, was also a detriment to the area. Akron, being on a slough with both ends tied to the White River, was easily flooded. Townspeople finally grew tired of rebuilding, digging out and replacing after frequent floods. They began to look at alternatives, and John Tomlinson provided them a good choice, his new town of Newark. In the 1880s the community began to diminish in size when the railroad passed north of the town through nearby Newark. Around the turn of the century several fires destroyed most of Akron's business district, hastening Akron's demise.

Residents slowly started leaving Akron, many moving to Newark. Akron ceased to exist as a functioning community around the turn of the century, and by the 1940s only a handful of old houses remained. Today, the only reminder of this pioneer Independence County village is the old cemetery on Highway 122 south of Newark. It is abandoned and basically forgotten. Every now and then the cemetery is temporarily reclaimed from nature through a good clearing, but, within a few years, tall brush returns to pull the cemetery and town back to the past.

There are no known photographs of any businesses or homes in Akron. However, there exists in Newark a house, which originally was in Akron. The handsome Dearing House was constructed in Akron about 1890, and bought early on by T. H. Dearing. In 1901 he dismantled the one-story house, reconstructed it in Newark, and added the second story in 1913. That house, currently owned by Dearing's grandson Terry Shipman, is on the National Register of Historic Places



The Akron Cemetery is being nominated to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A with local significance as the last remaining site in its original location that is associated with the settlement of Big Bottom, later known as Akron. It is also being nominated under Criteria Consideration D: Cemeteries.


Craig, Robert "A History of Newark, Arkansas" Craig Printing Company, Newport, Arkansas, 1999.

DAR Papers of Mary Elizabeth Self Wharton-Perrygreen Magness

UDC Papers of Mary Elizabeth Self Wharton-Richard Ansker Holderby

Independence County Chronicle, Volume XLll, October-January 2002 "The Richard Holderby Family" by Liz Burns Glenn

PG Magness, Jr. by DeKalb County, Tennessee Historian Thomas Webb. TnGenWebsite.Org Genealogy Website

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Updated July 27, 2009.