This vehicle concept evolved from the study contract NAS8-11096 in support of the early Apollo Logistic Support System studies that were being consider around 1963 to early 1964. This vehicle mock up concept was constructed at MSFC and was used later to study the human factors aspect of conduction lunar explorartion missions.This concept was to be flown to the Moon using a separate Saturn V vehicle and landed automatically there.
This is a photo of Mike Vacarro(NASA MSFC) and Hayden Grubbs (Brown Engineering) siuted up and preparing to do a human factor exercise and behind them is the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center MOBLAB Simulator.
This is a photo of a concept for an earth MOLAB vehicle that was built by General Motors and delivered to the USGS Center of Astrogeology at Flagstaff, Arizona in 1966. It was used in their initial of the Lunar Exploration program. They did a number of human factor research programs with it and it was used in some of the early training of the astronauts in lunar geology simulations. It was returned to MSFC for their use around 1968.
This is a photo of the Bendix Mobility Test Article that were developed for lunar mobility studies of large Lunar Rovers. It was also used for human factors and mobility evaluations here at MSFC.
This is a photo of the General Motors concept for a Dual Mode Lunar rover that were developed around 1971 being driven at Pismo Beach, Ca. Astronaut J. Lousma is driving. The truck in the background is providing power for the test. It was used for human factors and mobility evaluations.
Astronaut John Young in space suit shown driving the MOLAB Simulator. Note the T Handle controller. This T-Handle controller evolved from the astronauts comments while drivin the simulator. The space suit wrist joints created a problem with the movement of the origional hand controlleder so the T-Handle evolved. After MSFC decided to develop the small 2 man unpressurized rover the MOLAG simulator was reconfigured for use in the development of the lunar rover. This simulator an SMK23 airforce flight simulator was modified so that now on the origional moving platform a replica of the LRV driving displays and controls were incorporated.
The map used in the simulator was constructed from an Orbiter photo of a smooth Maria area that is shown in black.
The LRV was expected to be operated in the type terrain while on the moon.
On this photo the area outlined in black shows the actual lunar surface area from which the moving map that was
created for use in the driving simulator.
This is a photo of the Moving Map, the simulated vehicle with it's sensors, and small TV camera that was used view the lunar terrain while in the LRV simulator. This was a moving base simulator in which the crew station was a located on a platform that moved in response to the movement of the simulated vehicle motion as it traveled over the moving map while it was being driven by the astronauts. The improved T-Handle controller for the Lunar Rover resulted from the astronauts input the the design reviews that were held after each of their driving scessions in the simulator and driving the MTAs here at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center's crater field.
After the LRV was now under contract to be built and delivered after additional Apollo sucessful landings were accomplished, additional studies were continued to develop concepts for a possible Local Scientific Survey Module (LSSM) or dual mode rover. The dual mode rover study contracts began in 1968 and Grumman, Boeing-GM, and Bendix proposed their concepts.This dual mode rover could be used by a two man crew and the after their use it could be operated by remote control from the earth and used to explore interesting geological sites that were out of range of the manned type rover.
This is an artist concept of the un-manned Grumman Dual Mode Rover.This vehicle concept was never developed after the Lunar Rover was designed and flown.. However Grumman continued their studies by building their small version and did earth mobility tests with it under the direction of Edward Marko.
This is an artist concept of the unmanned Bendix Dual Mode Rover. This small vehicle concept was never developed after the Lunar Rover was designed and flown.
This is a photo of the General Motors Dual Mode Test Article climbing over obstacles in a test area.
This vehicle concept was used for their continued mobility studies by General Motors Delco Division at Santa Barbara, CA.
This is a photo of the MSFC Remote Controlled Dual Mode Test Article.It was equiped with stero cameras and was remotlely controlled from a operation console located in MSFC's Simulation Branch Building.
This vehicle concept was used for their continued mobility studies for the Local Scientific Survey Module (LSSM) inhouse studies.
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